Students can Download Maths Chapter 1 Numbers Additional Questions and Answers, Notes Pdf, Samacheer Kalvi 8th Maths Book Solutions Guide Pdf helps you to revise the complete Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 8th Maths Solutions Term 3 Chapter 1 Numbers Additional Questions

Question 1.

Find the least number by which 1100 must be multiplied so that the product becomes a perfect square. Also, in each case find the square root of the perfect square so obtained.

Solution:

We find 1100 = 2 × 2 × 5 × 5 × 11 =2² × 5² × 11

∴ The prime factor 11 has no pair.

∴ If we multiply 1100 by 11, then the product becomes a perfect square.

∴ New number = 1100 × 11 = 12100

12100 = 2² × 5² × 11²

\(\sqrt{12100}\) = 2 × 5 × 11 = 110

Square root of the new number = 110

Question 2.

Find the square of 509 using (a + b)² = a² + 2ab + b²

Solution:

509² = (500 + 9)² = 500² + 2 x 500 x 9 + 9²

= 250000 + 9000 + 81

509² = 259081

Question 3.

Find the sum without adding

1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + 9 + 11 + 13 + 15 + 17 + 19 + 21 + 23

Solution:

Given sum is the sum of first 12 odd natural numbers.

Sum of first n odd natural numbers is n².

∴ 1 +3 + 5 + 7 + 9 + 11 + 13 + 15 + 17 + 19 + 21 + 23 = 12² = 144

Question 4.

Write a Pythagorean triplet whose one number is 110

Solution:

Here let 2m = 110

m = 55

m² – 1 = 55² – 1 = 3025 – 1 = 3024

m² + 1 = 55² + 1 = 3025 + 1 = 3026

∴ Pythagorean triplet is 110, 3024, 3026.

Question 5.

Find the square root of 10 \(\frac{2}{3}\) correct to three places of decimal.

Solution:

10 \(\frac{2}{3}\) = 10.6666…….

\(\sqrt{10 \frac{2}{3}}=3.2659 \Rightarrow \sqrt{10 \frac{2}{3}}\) = 3.266 correct to three places of decimal.

Question 6.

Find the square root of 0.053361

Solution:

\(\sqrt{0.053361}\) = 0.231

Question 7.

Three numbers are in the ratio 2:3:4. The sum of their cubes is 33957. Find the numbers.

Solution:

Let the numbers be 2x, 3x and 4x

(2x)³ + (3x)³ + (4x)³ = 33957

8x³ + 27x³ + 64x³ = 33957

99x³ = 33957

x³ = \(\frac{33957}{99}\)

x³ = 343

x³ = 7 × 7 × 7

x³ = 7³

x = 7

∴ The numbers are 2x = 2 × 7 = 14

3x = 3 × 7 = 21

4x = 4 × 7 = 28

Question 8.

The volume of a cube is 9261000 m³. Find the side of the cube?

Solution:

Volume of the cube = side x side x side

side x side x side = 9261000

side = \(\sqrt[3]{9261×1000}\) = \(\sqrt[3]{9261}\) × \(\sqrt[3]{1000}\)

= \(\sqrt[3]{3^{3}×7^{3}}\) × \(\sqrt[3]{10×10×10}\) = 3 × 7 × 10 = 210

∴ Side of the cube = 210 m

Question 9.

If the diameters of the sun and Earth are 1.4 × 109 m and 1.275 × 107 m respectively. compare these two.

Solution:

So the diameter of the Sun is about 100 times the diameter of the Earth.

Question 10.

The size of a red blood cell is 0.000007 m and that of a plant, cell is 0.00001275 m. Compare these two.

Solution:

∴ RBC size if half the size of a plant cell.