Samacheer Kalvi 11th English Grammar Modals

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Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 11th English Grammar Modals

General Characteristics Of Modals
1. Modals are never used alone. A Principal verb is either present or implied;
as—
I can sing. He will help you.

Samacheer Kalvi 11th English Grammar Modals

2. Modals do not change according to the number or person of the subject;
as—
I can. We can. You can. He can. They can. etc.
I may. We may. You may. He may. They may. etc.

3. Modals have no Infinitive, Present Participle or Past Participle forms.

4. Modals cannot be used in all the tenses. When a modal does not fall in this pattern, it works as a Principal Verb; as—
God willed so.
He needs a pen.
She dared to go into the dark forest.
(Here will, need and dare are used as main verbs)

Samacheer Kalvi 11th English Grammar Modals

Relationship of Modals with Tenses
(i) May, can, shall and will are in present forms while might, could, should and would are their past forms.

The two forms express different meanings, but usually no difference of time, e.g. the difference between may and might is often that of degree of probability,

as-
She may come today. {possibility/likely to happen)
She might come today. (remote possibility/less likely)

(ii) However, if the verb in the main clause is in the past tense, the forms might, could, should and would serve as regular past tenses;

Samacheer Kalvi 11th English Grammar Modals

as—
1. He said, “I can help you.”
He said that he could help her.
2. You said, “She will come back soon.”
You said that she would come back soon.
3. Sheetal said, “May I use this pen, madam?”
Sheetal asked her teacher if she might use that pen.

(III) When we want to express the past time in verb phrases involving modals, we use the Present Perfect Tense of the Principal Verb;
as –
She must have reached home by now.
You ought to have told me all the facts.

Samacheer Kalvi 11th English Grammar Modals

Quasi Modals
Quasi modals are also called semi-modals. There are four quasi modals: ‘used to’, ‘need to’, ‘dare to’ and ‘ought to’.

Question 1.
Supply suitable modal/quasi-modal verb for the following sentences.
(a) _________ you direct me to the collector office?
(b) _________ We respect our elders.
(c) You _________ come tomorrow if you are unable to finish the task today.
(d) I _________ visit the gym regularly during holidays.
(e) We _________ get a hike in our salary this month.
Answer:
(a) Can
(b) should
(c) should
(d) used to
(c) would

Samacheer Kalvi 11th English Grammar Modals

Question 2.
Supply suitable modal/quasi-modal verb for the following sentences
(a) One _________ obey the traffic rules.
(b) _________ I ask you a favour, Sir?
(c) She _________ sing and dance.
(d) Kapil Dev _________ play football initially.
(c) You _________ wait as it is getting dark now.
Answer:
(a) must
(b) Can
(c) can
(d) used to
(c) need not

Question 3.
Supply suitable modal/quasi-modal verb for the following sentences:
(a) _________ God bless you
(b) I wish you _________ disclose the truth to me.
(c) You _________ not write on the wall.
(d) She _________ play tennis during her college days.
(c) Rich men _________ help the poor.
Answer:
(a) May
(b) could
(c) should
(d) used to
(c) must

Samacheer Kalvi 11th English Grammar Modals

Question 4.
Supply suitable modal/quasi-modal verb for the following sentences.
(a) During our trip to Gujarat, we _________ visit Sabarmati Ashram.
(b) Blue Whale game promoters _________ be severely punished.
(c) You _________ respect your parents and take care of them in their old age.
(d) They _________ speak against Dinakaran as he has lot of influence.
(c) You _________ not know every word to understand the story.
Answer:
(a) shall
(b) must
(c) ought to
(d) dare not
(c) need

Question 5.
Supply suitable modal/quasi-modal verb for the following sentences
(a) You _________ not apologise for a flimsy mistake.
(b) Ramu is so timid that he _________ not discuss major issues with his wife.
(c) You _________ donate your old books to needy students.
(d) Thou _________ not steal.
(c) My _________ brother be happy to see you.
Answer:
(a) need
(b) dare
(c) should
(d) shall
(c) will

Samacheer Kalvi 11th English Grammar Modals

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