Samacheer Kalvi 12th Commerce Solutions Chapter 10 Recruitment Methods

Students can Download Commerce Chapter 10 Recruitment Methods Questions and Answers, Notes Pdf, Samacheer Kalvi 12th Commerce Book Solutions Guide Pdf helps you to revise the complete Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 12th Commerce Solutions Chapter 10 Recruitment Methods

Samacheer Kalvi 12th Commerce Recruitment Methods Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers

I. Choose the Correct Answer

Question 1.
Recruitment is the process of identifying _______
(a) right man for right job
(b) good performer
(c) right job
(d) all of the above
Answer:
(a) right man for right job

Question 2.
Recruitment bridges gap between _______ and _______
(a) job seeker and job provider
(b) job seeker and agent
(c) job provider and owner
(d) owner and servant
Answer:
(a) job seeker and job provider

Question 3.
Advertisement is a _______ source of recruitment.
(a) internal
(b) external
(c) agent
(d) outsourcing
Answer:
(b) external

Samacheer Kalvi 12th Commerce Solutions Chapter 10 Recruitment Methods

Question 4.
Transfer is an _______ source of recruitment.
(a) internal
(b) external
(c) outsourcing
(d) none of the above
Answer:
(a) internal

Question 5.
e-Recruitment is possible only through _______ facility.
(a) computer
(b) internet
(c) broadband
(d) 4G
Answer:
(b) internet

II. Very Short Answer Questions

Question 1.
Give the meaning of Recruitment.
Answer:
Recruitment is the process of finding suitable candidates for the various posts in an organisation.

Question 2.
What is promotion?
Answer:
Based on seniority and merits of the employees they are given opportunity to move up in the organisational hierarchy. This is called promotion.

Question 3.
State two benefits of internal source of recruitment.
Answer:
Benefits of internal source of recruitment:

  1. Internal source will reduce the cost and expenses of recruitment.
  2. It is very useful, by way of selecting from the existing and retiring employees.

Question 4.
Mention any two features of campus recruitment.
Answer:
Campus recruitment is one of the external sources of recruitment. Its features are:

  1. The organisations visit the educational institutions to identify and recruit suitable candidates.
  2. They have to conduct the test and other interview methods to find out the suitable persons.

Question 5.
List the benefits of external source of recruitment.
Answer:
Benefits of external source of recruitment:

  1. The advancement in technology and communication has made it possible to reach out prospective applicants globally online.
  2. The existing employees of the organisation may recommend some of their relatives or known people who will be suitable for the existing vacancies.

III. Short Answer Questions

Question 1.
Define the term Recruitment.
According to Edwin B. Flippo, “It is a process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating and encouraging them to apply for jobs in an organisation.”

Samacheer Kalvi 12th Commerce Solutions Chapter 10 Recruitment Methods

Question 2.
What are the features of internal source of recruitment?
Answer:
The main features of internal source of recruitment are:

  1. Quick process
  2. Cheaper than the external recruitment process.
  3. Works as a tool of motivation for the staff.
  4. The company’s choice is limited to existing employees of the company.

Question 3.
Give two points of differences between advertisement and unsolicited application.
Answer:
Advertisement and unsolicited applicants are external sources of recruitment. There are a few differences between them. They are:
Advertisement:

  1. It is an expensive method for the employer because advertising incurs a heavy cost.
  2. The employer can advertise in dailies, journals, magazines, etc., about the vacancies in the organisation.

Unsolicited Application:

  1. It does not involve any expense for the employer.
  2. Job seekers voluntarily apply for the vacancies that are not yet notified by the organisations.

Question 4.
What is the importance of job portals?
Answer:
The organisations can screen for the prospective candidates through internet job portals and fill up their vacancies. It is less expensive. Also the people who are well versed in technology can apply for ajoboftheir choice through this method.

Samacheer Kalvi 12th Commerce Solutions Chapter 10 Recruitment Methods

Question 5.
State the steps in Recruitment process.
Answer:
Recruitment process includes the following steps:

  1. Planning recruitment
  2. Determining vacancies
  3. Identifying the sources
  4. Drafting information for advertisement
  5. Selecting the suitable mode of advertisement
  6. Facilitating selection process
  7. Evaluation and control

IV. Long Answer Questions

Question 1.
Explain the different methods of recruitment.
Answer:
Recruitment means selecting the right person for the right job. There are basically two ways by which an organisation can recruit its employees – Internal and External sources. External sources can further be classified into Direct and Indirect sources.

Internal Sources – Transfer, Upgrading, Promotion, Demotion, Recommendation by existing Employees, Job rotation, Retired employees, Dependants, Previous applicants, Acquisitions , and Mergers.

External Sources:

  1. Direct – Advertisements, Unsolicited applicants, Walk-ins, Campus Recruitment, Recruitment at Factory gate, Rival firms, e-Recruitment.
  2. Indirect – Employee referral, Govemment/Public Employment Exchanges, Employment Agencies, Employment Consultancies, Professional Associations, Deputation, Word of mouth, Labour Contractors, Job Portals, Outsourcing, Poaching.

Question 2.
Describe the significance of External source of recruitment.
Answer:
External sources of recruitment include sources that lie outside the organisation. This provides a wider collection of potential employees with the necessary skill set, especially for managerial and technical positions. Existing employees can recommend suitable candidates, which may lead to a higher level of teamwork and synchronisation among employees.

Hiring new employees can lead to the introduction of new blood and thus the introduction of a new set of skills and ideas. External sources of recruitment offer jobs to unskilled, semi-skilled and skilled workers.

Samacheer Kalvi 12th Commerce Solutions Chapter 10 Recruitment Methods

Question 3.
Elaborate on the factors affecting recruitment.
Answer:
Some of the factors that affect recruitment are:

  1. (a) Size of the Organisation: Bigger organisations find recruitment less problematic than organisations that are smaller in size.
  2. (b) Recruiting Policy: Most organisations prefer recruiting through internal sources, because own employees know the organisation and they can well fit into the organisation’s culture.
  3. (c) Nature of Post: The recruitment process varies according to type of personnel to be recruited. For example, recruitment process of a bank officer will differ from that of an IPS officer.
  4. (d) Demographic factors: Like the details of possible employees- age, religion, literacy level, gender, occupation, economic status, etc.
  5. (e) Unemployment rate: If the unemployment rate is high, the number of applicants will be more, making it easy for the recruiters to select from a wide range.
  6. (f) Labour Laws: These cover working conditions, compensation, retirement benefits, and safety and health of employees in industrial undertakings.
  7. (g) Competitors: Time to time the organisations have to change their recruitment policies and manuals according to the policies being followed by the competitors.

Samacheer Kalvi 12th Commerce Solutions Chapter 10 Recruitment Methods

Question 4.
Differentiate Recruitment and Selection.
Answer:

Basis for comparison Recruitment Selection
1. Meaning It means searching candidates for the right job. It refers to the process of selecting the suitable candidates and offering them job.
2. Objective Inviting large number of candidates to apply for the vacant post. Picking up the most suitable candidates.
3. Method It is an economical method. It is an expensive method.
4. Contractual relation It involves the communication of vacancies. There is no contractual relation. It creates contractual relation between employer and employee.
5. Process Recruitment process is very simple. Selection process is very complex and complicated.
6. Time Requires less time since it involves merely identifying vacancies and advertising them. It is more time-consuming because each and every candidate has to be tested on various aspects before finally being selected.

Question 5.
Discuss the importance of Recruitment.
Answer:
Recruitment is the process of having the right person, in the right place, at the right time. It is crucial to organisational performance. Recruitment is the first step in an organisation’s Human Resource Planning. It fulfills the organisation’s need of a set of competitive, motivated arid flexible employees who work towards achieving the organisation’s objectives. Competent Human Resources at the right positions are crucial for the organisation and constitute core competency. Recruitment helps in creating a pool of prospective employees for the organisation, so that the right candidates for the right jobs can be selected from this pool.

It establishes a link between the job seekers and employers. Proper recruitment enables the organization to appoint talented persons for various activities, thereby leading to improved productivity and profitability of the organisation. Unless a company adopts a suitable recruitment policy, it may not be possible for a company to have right candidates for right job.

Samacheer Kalvi 12th Commerce Recruitment Methods Additional Questions and Answers

I. A. Choose the Correct Answer

Question 1.
The internal source of recruitment are _________
(i) promotion
(ii) e-recruitment
(iii) retention
(iv) advertisements
(a) (i) and (ii)
(b) (i) and (iii)
(c) (ii) and (iii)
(d) (iii) and (iv)
Answer:
(b) (i) and (iii)

Samacheer Kalvi 12th Commerce Solutions Chapter 10 Recruitment Methods

B. Fill in the blanks

  1. Recruitment acts as a link between _______ and _______
  2. Poaching is also called as _______

Answers:

  1. job provider, job seeker
  2. raiding

II. Very Short Answer Questions

Question 1.
What is meant by retention?
Answer:
Retention is a method of internal source of recruitment. The retiring employees can be used to meet the requirement after superannuation as per management discretion.

Question 2.
Write a note on Demotion.
Answer:
Demotion is a kind of activity done by the company. It means movement of employee from a higher position to a lower position due to poor performance.

III. Short Answer Questions

Question 1.
Explain the term e-Recruitment?
Answer:
e-Recruitment means to carry out the recruitment by online methods. The advancement in technology and communication has made it easy to find out the applicants globally online. It is an inevitable external source of recruitment.

Samacheer Kalvi 12th Commerce Solutions Chapter 10 Recruitment Methods

Question 2.
What do you mean by poaching?
Answer:
Poaching means that the company can hire employees from other companies by paying them more. So the company can reduce the expense of giving training and developing their own employees. It is also called as raiding.

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