Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Grammar Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences

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Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Grammar Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences

The table given below contains the basic principles to transform the sentences:

S.No SIMPLE COMPLEX
(subordinating conjunction)
COMPOUND
(coordinating conjunction)
1. too ………………….. to so ………………….. that very ………………….. and so
2. In case of / In the event of On account of If/Unless….. (not)
SamacheerKalvi.Guru
or, or else, otherwise
3. In spite of/ Despite+Noun phrase Though/although/even though but, yet, still
4. Being, Having On+verb+ing (gerund)
Till, after, before+ ‘v’ ing
As/since/because All ‘Wh’ words like when, who, where, why, what, which, etc. Till, after, before+v (ed) and, and so, and then, and therefore

A. Transform the sentences according to the instructions given in the bracket:

1. He was sick and didn’t attend the party, (change into a simple sentence)
Being sick, he didn’t attend the party.

2. Climbing up the tree, he plucked some apple. (change into a compound sentence)
He climbed up the tree and plucked some apple.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Grammar Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences

3. I have informed him of his success. (Change into complex sentence)
I have informed him that he has succeeded.

4. It is said that Malini is a good doctor. (Change into a simple sentence)
Malini is a said to be a good doctor.

5. What he advised did not prove successful. (Change into complex sentence)
His advice did not prove successful.

6. She was too poor to educate her child, (change into a compound sentence)
She was so poor that she could not educate her child.

7. When Shyam was challenged they ran away. (Change into a simple sentence)
On being challenged Shyam ran away.

8. His looks proclaim his guilt. (Change into complex sentence)
His looks proclaim that he is guilty.

9. He liked what I suggested. (Change into a simple sentence)
He liked my suggestion.

10. Getting up, he walked away. (Change into compound sentence)
He got up and walked away.

B. Change or combine into a compound sentence
1. Being guilty he went into hiding.
He was guilty and went into hiding.

2. Being innocent, he never thought of running away.
He was innocent and never thought of running away.

3. Besides being sent to prison, he was heavily fined for smoking in the campus.
He was not only sent to prison but also heavily fined.

4. The old man stood in a corner, drinking.
The old man stood in a comer and drank.

5. He must run fast to catch the train.
He must run fast or he will not catch the train.

6. Besides being pretty, she is clever.
She is not only pretty but also clever.

7. Coming home she had lunch.
She came home and had lunch.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Grammar Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences

8. In spite of his illness, he attended all the classes.
He was ill, but he attended all the classes.

9. If you come late again, you will be punished.
You must not come late again otherwise you will be punished.

10. Going to the office I will write the article.
I will go to the office and will write the article.

C. Combine into a single sentence using ‘though” or ‘although’.

1. Ramasamy is very old. But he enjoys good health.
Though Ramasamy is very old he enjoys good health.

2. Ramu was very tired. Yet he completed the work.
Though Ramu was very tired, he completed the work.

3. The doctors gave her the best medical care. Still they could not save her.
Although the doctors gave her the best medical care, they could not save her.

4. Rajasekar left home early. But he was late for the seminar.
Though Rajasekar left home early, he was late for school.

5. Mala had the required qualifications. Still she did not get her dream job.
Although Mala had the required qualifications, she did not get the job.

6. I had some money on me. But I didn’t buy anything.
Although I had some money on me, I didn’t buy anything.

7. Our hockey team played well. But they lost the match.
Though our hockey team played well, they lost the match. ,

8. Mohan was annoyed. He didn’t say anything.
Although Mohan was annoyed, he didn’t say anything./Mohan didn’t say anything though he was annoyed.

9. The constable ran as fast as he could. Still he could not catch the thief.
Though the constable ran as fast as he could, he could not catch the thief.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Grammar Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences

10. Savitha is rich and famous. Still she is unhappy.
Though Savitha is rich and famous she is unhappy./She is unhappy though she is rich and famous.

D. Change into a simple sentence

1. Besides a house, he gave them some land also.
He gave them not only a house but some land also.

2. The storm subsided and we continued our journey.
The storm having subsided, we continued our journey.

3. Bharathi types quickly. Bharathi types correctly.
Besides typing quickly, Bharathi types correctly.

4. Not only the crops, but cattle and sheep also were destroyed by the flood.
Besides the crops, cattle and sheep were also destroyed by the flood.

5. You must take your medicine, otherwise you cannot get well.
You must take your medicine in order to get well.

6. He is rich, yet he is not happy.
In spite of being rich he is not happy.

7. He completed his work but it was not up to standard.
In spite of completing his work, it was not up to standard.

8. Tell me when the meeting will be held.
Tell me the time of the meeting.

9. I completed my homework. I set out to play.
On completing my homework, I set out to play,
(or)
After completing my homework, I set out to play.

10. I have no money that I can lend you.
I have no money to lend you.

E. Rewrite as Directed

1. We won’t miss the train if we leave now. (Use ‘unless’)
Unless we leave now, we will miss the train.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Grammar Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences

2. Sheela didn’t want to tell me the truth, but I found it out anyway. (Begin with ‘although’)
Although Sheela didn’t want to tell me the truth, I found it out anyway.

3. I have never seen such a mess. (Begin with ‘never’)
Never have I seen such a mess.

4. If you should need any help, just give me a ring. (Begin with ‘should’)
Should you need any money, just give me a ring.

5. You are obliged to obey your parents. (Use a quasimodal)
You ought to obey your parents.

6. You are sleepy in the morning because you are always late to bed. (Begin with ‘If’)
If you are always late to bed you will be sleepy in the morning.

7. If we do not finish our work a little early today we will not be able to attend the lecture, (unless)
Unless we finish our work a little early today we will not be able to attend the lecture.

8. If you are late once again, you will lose your job. (Begin the sentence with ‘should’)
Should you be late once again, you will lose your job.

9. I trust him but others think that he is lying. (Use ‘Though’)
I trust him though others think that he is lying.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Grammar Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences

10. If she should tell me the truth, she would not be punished. (Begin with ‘Should’)
Should she tell me the truth, she would not be punished.

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