# Samacheer Kalvi 8th Maths Solutions Term 2 Chapter 1 Life Mathematics Ex 1.2

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## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 8th Maths Solutions Term 2 Chapter 1 Life Mathematics Ex 1.2

Question 1.
Fill in the blanks:

Question (i)
Loss or gain percent is always calculated on the ………
Cost price Question (ii)
A mobile phone is sold for ? 8400 at a gain of 20%. The cost price of the mobile phone is …………
₹ 7000
Hint:
Let cost price of mobile be ₹ x. Given that selling price is ? 8400 and gain is 20% Question (iii)
An article is sold for ₹ 555 at a loss of 7$$\frac{1}{2}$$% the cost price qfthe article is ……….
₹ 600
Hint:
Given selling price is ₹ 555 & loss is 7$$\frac{1}{2}$$%
as per formula, Question (iv)
The marked price of a mixer grinder is ₹ 4500 is sold for ₹ 4140 after discount. The rate of discount is ……..
8%
Hint:
Marked price is X 4500. Discounted price in ₹ 4140
∴ Discount = Marked price – Discounted price = 4500 – 4140 – 360 Question (v)
The total bill amount of a shirt costing ₹ 575 and a T-shirt costing ₹ 325 with GST of 5% is ………..
₹ 945
Hint:
Cost price of shirt = ₹ 575 (CP)
GST = 5% = 575 x ($$\frac { (100+5) }{ 100 }$$) = 575 x $$\frac { 105 }{ 100 }$$
= ₹ 603.75
Cost price of T-shirt = ₹ 325 (CP)
GST = 5% = 325 x ($$\frac { (100+5) }{ 100 }$$)
Total bill amount = ₹ 603.75 + ₹ 341.25 = ₹ 945

Question 2.
If selling an article for ₹ 820 causes 10% loss on the selling price, find its cost price.
Solution:
Given that selling price (SP) = ₹ 820
Loss % = 10 % Question 3.
If the profit earned on selling an article for ₹ 810 is the same as loss on selling it for ₹ 530, then find the cost price of the article.
Solution:
Case 1: Profit = Selling price (SP) – Cost price (CP)
Case 2: Loss = Cost price (CP) – Selling price (SP)
Given that profit of case 1 = loss of case 2
∴ P = 810 – CP
L = CP – 530
Since profit (P) = loss (L)
810 – CP = CP – 530
∴ 2CP = 810 + 530 = 1340 ⇒ C.P = $$\frac{1340}{2}$$
∴ CP = 670 Question 4.
Some articles are bought at 2 for ₹ 15 and sold at 3 for ₹ 25. Find the gain percentage.
Solution:
Let cost price of one article be C.P
Given that 2 are bought for ₹ 15
∴ 2 x CP = 15 ⇒ CP = $$\frac{15}{2}$$
Let selling price of one article be SP
Given that 3 are sold for ₹ 25
∴ 3 x CP = 25 ⇒ SP = $$\frac{25}{3}$$
∴ Gain = SP – CP = $$\frac{25}{3}$$ – $$\frac{15}{2}$$ = $$\frac{50-45}{6}$$ = $$\frac{5}{6}$$ Question 5.
If the selling price of 10 rulers is the same as the cost price of 15 rulers, then find the gain percentage.
Solution:
Let cost price of one ruler be x
Given that selling price (SP) of 10 rulers
i.e., same as cost price (CP) of 15 rulers
∴ SP of 10 rulers = 15 × x = 15x
SP of 1 ruler = $$\frac{15x}{10}$$ = 1.5x
∴ Gain = SP of 1 ruler – CP of ruler = 1.5x -x = 0.5x Question 6.
By selling a speaker for ₹ 768, a man loses 20%. In order to gain 20% how much should he sell the speaker? Solution:
Selling price (SP) of speaker = ₹ 768
Loss % = 20%
as per formula For gain of 20%, we should now calculate the selling price = 960 ($$\frac{100+20}{100}$$) = 960 x $$\frac{120}{100}$$
= 96 x 12 = ₹ 1152

Question 7.
A man sold two gas stoves for ₹ 8400 each. He sold one at a gain of 20% and the other at a loss of 20%. Find his gain or loss % in the whole transaction. Solution:
Let the CP of gas stove 1 be x and gas stove 2 be y
Given that selling price (SP) for both is the same = ₹ 8400
Case i:
First gastove: Cost price (CP) = x
Selling Price (SP) = ₹ 8400
Gain % = 20% Cost price of first gas stove = ₹ 7000

Case 2:
Second gastove: Cost price (CP) = y
Selling price (SP) = ₹ 8400
loss % = 20% ∴ Cost price of second stove = ₹ 10,500
From (1) and (2),
Total cost price = Cost of stove 1 + Cost of stove 2
= 7000+ 10500 = 17,500
Total selling price = SP of stove 1 + SP of stove 2
= 8400 + 8400 = 16,800
Now, we find that total selling price is less than total cost price, therefore it is a loss
∴ Loss = CP – SP= 17,500 – 16,800 = 700
Loss % = $$\frac{loss}{CP}$$ x 100 = $$\frac{700}{17500}$$ x 100 = 4%
Loss % = 4 %

Question 8.
Find the unknowns x, y and z Solution:
(i) Book marked price = ₹ 225 discount = 8% ∴ 225 x ($$\frac { (100-8) }{ 100 }$$)
= 225 x ($$\frac { 92 }{ 100 }$$) = ₹ 207

(ii) LED TV selling price = 11970 discount = 5%, ∴ 11970 = y x $$\frac { (100-d%) }{ 100 }$$
∴ y = $$\frac { 11970×100 }{ 95 }$$ = 126 x 100 = ₹ 12,600

(iii) Digital clock marked price (MP) = ₹ 750, MP = ₹ 12,600
Selling price (SP) = ₹ 615, Discount = z ∴ 615 = 750 x $$\frac { (100-z) }{ 100 }$$
∴ (100 – z) = $$\frac { 615×100 }{ 700 }$$
100 – z = 82
∴ z = 100 – 82
Discouont = 18%

Question 9.
Find the total bill amount for the data below. Solution: For bill amount, we should apply GST on the discounted value of the items. Total bill amount = Bill amount of School bag + Stationary + Cosmetics + Hair drier
= 532 + 252 + 1357 + 2304
= ₹ 4,445 Question 10.
A shopkeeper buys goods at $$\frac { 4 }{ 5 }$$ of its marked price and sells them at $$\frac { 4 }{ 5 }$$ of the marked price find his profit percentage.
Solution:
Let marked price be MP
Given that he buys good at $$\frac { 4 }{ 5 }$$ of marked price
∴ CP (cost price) = $$\frac { 4 }{ 5 }$$ MP
Given that selling price (SP) = $$\frac { 7 }{ 5 }$$ x MP
∴ Profit = Selling price – Cost price = $$\frac { 7 }{ 5 }$$ MP – $$\frac { 4 }{ 5 }$$ MP = $$\frac { 3 }{ 5 }$$  MP Question 11.
A branded AC has a marked price of ₹ 37250. There are 2 options given for the customer.

1. Selling Price is ₹ 37250 along with attractive gifts worth ₹ 3000 (or)
2. Discount of 8% but no free gifts. Which offer is better? Marked price of AC = ₹ 37,250
Option 1:
Selling price = ₹ 37250 & gifts worth ₹ 3000
∴ Net gain for customer = ₹ 3000 as there is no discount on AC

Option 2:
Discount of 8%, but no gift = 37250 x $$\frac { (100-8) }{ 100 }$$ = 37250 x 0.92 = 34270
∴ Savings for customer = 37250 – 34270 = ₹ 2980
Therefore, the customer gets 3000 gift in option 1 where as he is able to save only ₹ 2980 in option 2. Therefore, option 1 is better.

Question 12.
If a mattress is marked for ₹ 7500 and is available at two successive discount of 10% and 20%, find the amount to be paid by the customer.
Solution:
Marked price of mattress = ₹ 7500
Discount d1 = 10%
Discount d2 = 20% = 7500 x $$\frac { (100-10) }{ 100 }$$ = 7500 x $$\frac { 90 }{ 100 }$$ = 6750 = 6750 x $$\frac { (100-20) }{ 100 }$$ = ₹ 5400

Objective Type Questions Question 13.
A fruit vendor sells fruits for ₹ 200 gaining ₹ 40. His gain percentage is –
(a) 20%
(b) 22%
(c) 25%
(d) 16$$\frac { 2 }{ 3 }$$
(c) 25%
Hint:
Selling price = ₹ 200
Gain = 40
∴ CP = Selling price – gain = 200 – 40 = 160
Gain % = $$\frac { Gain }{ CP }$$ x 100 = $$\frac { 40 }{ 160 }$$ x 100 = 25%

Question 14.
By selling a flower pot for ₹ 528, a woman gains 20%. At what price should she sell it to gain 25%?
(a) ₹ 500
(b) ₹ 550
(c) ₹ 553
(d) ₹ 573
(b) ₹ 550
Hint:
If selling price (SP) = ₹ 528
Gain % = 20%
∴ CP = ? ∴ 528 = CP x $$\frac { 100+20 }{ 100 }$$
∴ CP = $$\frac { 528×100 }{ 120 }$$
If gain % = 25 %, Selling ? = 440 x $$\frac { (100+gain%) }{ 100 }$$ = 440 x $$\frac { 125 }{ 100 }$$
= ₹ 550

Question 15.
A man buys an article for ₹ 150 and makes overhead expenses which are 12% of the cost price. At what price must he sell it to gain 5%?
(a) ₹ 180
(b) ₹ 168
(c) ₹ 176.40
(d) ₹ 85
(c) ₹ 176.40
Hint:
Cost price of article = ₹ 150
Over head expenses = 12% of cost price = $$\frac { 12 }{ 100 }$$ x 150 = ₹ 85
∴ Effective cost of article = 150 + 18 = ₹ 168
Now, to gain 5%, he has to sell at Question 16.
The price of a hat is ₹ 210. What was the marked price of the hat if it is bought at 16% discount?
(a) ₹ 243
(b) ₹ 176
(c) ₹ 230
(d) ₹ 250
(d) ₹ 250
Hint:
Let marked price be MP
Discounted price = ₹ 210
Rate of discount = 16%
As per formula: Question 17.
The single discount which is equivalent to two successive discount of 20% and 25% is –
(a) 40%
(b) 45%
(c) 5%
(d) 22.5%  