# Samacheer Kalvi 8th Maths Solutions Term 2 Chapter 3 Geometry Ex 3.4

## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 8th Maths Solutions Term 2 Chapter 3 Geometry Ex 3.4

Question I.
Construct the following parallelograms with the given measurements and find their area.

Question 1.
ARTS, AR = 6 cm, RT = 5 cm and ∠ART = 70°.
Solution: Given:
In the Parallelogram ARTS,
AR = 6 cm
RT = 5 cm and ∠ART = 70° Construction:
Steps:

1. Draw a line segment AR = 6 cm.
2. Make an angle ∠ART = 70° at R on AR
3. With R as centre, draw an arc of radius 5 cm cutting RX at T
4. Draw a line TY parallel to AR through T.
5. With T as centre, draw an arc of radius 6 cm cutting TY at S. Join AS
6. ARTS is the required parallelogram.

Calculation of area:
Area of the parallelogram ARTS = b x h sq. units
= 6 x 4.7 = 28.2 sq. cm Question 2.
BANK, BA = 7 cm, BK = 5.6 cm and ∠KBA = 85°.
Solution: Given:
In the parallelogram BANK, BA =7 cm, BK = 5.6 cm, and ∠KBA = 85° Construction:
Steps:

1. Draw a line segment KB = 5.6 cm.
2. Make an angle ∠KBA = 85° at B
3. Draw an arc of radius 7 cm with B as centre on BX.
4. Draw a line AY parallel to KB.
5. With A as centre, draw an arc of radius 5.6 cm cutting AY at N. Join KN
6. BANK is the required parallelogram.

Calculation of area:
Area of the Parallelogram BANK = b x h sq. units
= 5.6 x 7 = 39.2 sq. cm

Question 3.
CAMP, CA = 6 cm, AP = 8 cm and CP = 5.5 cm.
Solution: Given:
In the parallelogram CAMP,
CA = 6 cm
AP = 8 cm, and CP = 5.5cm Construction:
Steps:

1. Draw a line segment CA = 6 cm.
2. With C as centre, draw an arc of length 5.5 cm
3. With A as centre, draw an arc of length 8 cm
4. Mark the intersecting point of these two arcs as P
5. Draw a line PX parallel to CA
6. With P as centre draw an arc of radius 6 cm cutting PX at M. Join AM
7. CAMP is the required parallelogram.

Calculation of area:
Area of the Parallelogram CAMP = b x h sq. units
= 6 x 5.5 = 33 sq. cm

Question 4.
DRUM, DR = 7 cm, RU = 5.5 cm and DU = 8 cm.
Solution: Given:
In the parallelogram DRUM,
DR = 7 cm,
RU = 5.5 cm, and DU = 8 cm Construction:
Steps:

1. Draw a line segment DR = 7 cm.
2. With D and R as centres, draw arcs of radii 8 cm and 5.5 cm.
3. Mark the intersecting point of these arcs as U. Join DU and RU
4. Draw a line UX parallel to DR through U.
5. With U as centre draw an arc of radius 7 cm cutting UX at M. Join DM
6. DRUM is the required parallelogram.

Calculation of area:
Area of the Parallelogram DRUM = b x h sq. units
= 7 x 5.4 = 37.8 sq. cm Question 5.
EARN, ER = 10 cm, AN = 7 cm and ∠EOA 110° where $$\overline { ER }$$ and $$\overline { AN }$$ intersect at O.
Solution: Given:
In the parallelogram EARN,
ER= 10 cm
AN = 7 cm, and ∠EOA = 110° Construction:
Steps:

1. Draw a line segment PX. Mark a {Joint O on PX
2. Make an angle ∠EOA = 110° on PX at O
3. Draw arcs of radius 3.5 cm with O as centre on either side of PX. Cutting YZ on A and N
4. With A as centre, draw an arc of radius 10 cm, cutting PX at E. Join AE
5. Draw a line parallel to AE at N cutting PX at R. Join EN and AR
6. EARN is the required parallelogram

Calculation of area:
Area of the Parallelogram EARN = b x h sq. units
= 10 x 5.5 = 55 sq. cm

Question 6.
FAIR, FI = 8 cm, AR = 6 cm and ∠IOR = 80° where $$\overline { FI }$$ and $$\overline { AR }$$ intersect at O.
Solution: Given:
In the parallelogram FAIR,
FI = 8cm
AR = 6 cm and ∠IOR = 80°, where $$\overline { FI }$$ and $$\overline { AR }$$ intersect at O Construction:
Steps:

1. Draw a line segment $$\overline { FI }$$ = 8 cm
2. Mark O the midpoint of $$\overline { FI }$$
3. Draw a line $$\overline { XY }$$ through O which makes ∠IOX = 80°
4. With O as centre and 3 cm as radius draw two arcs on XY on either sides of $$\overline { FI }$$. Let the arcs cut $$\overline { OX }$$ at R and $$\overline { OY }$$ at A
5. Join $$\overline { IR }$$, $$\overline { FR }$$, $$\overline { FA }$$ and $$\overline { AI }$$
6. FAIR is the required parallelogram

Calculation of area:
Area of the Parallelogram FAIR = b x h sq. units
= 5.4 x 4.3 = 23.22 sq. cm

Question 7.
GAIN, GA = 7.5 cm, GI = 9 cm and ∠GAI – 100°
Solution: Given:
In the parallelogram GAIN,
GA = 7.5 cm
GI = 9 cm and ∠GAI= 100° Construction:
Steps:

1. Draw a line segment GA = 7.5 cm.
2. Make an angle GAI = 100° at A.
3. With G as centre, draw an arc of radius 9 cm cutting AX at I. Join GI.
4. Draw a line IY parallel to GA through I.
5. With I as centre, draw an arc of radius T.5 cm on IY cutting at N. Join GN
6. GAIN is the required parallelogram.

Calculation of area:
Area of Parallelogram GAIN = b x h sq.units
= 7.5 x 3.9 = 29.25 sq. cm Question 8.
HERB, HE = 6 cm, ∠EHB = 60° and EB = 7 cm.
Solution: Given:
In the parallelogram HERB,
HE = 6 cm, ∠EHB = 60° and
EB = 7 cm Construction:
Steps:

1. Draw a line segment HE = 6 cm.
2. Make an angle ∠BHE = 60° at H.
3. With E as centre, draw an arc of radius 7 cm cutting HX at B.
4. Draw a line BY parallel to HE through B.
5. Draw an arc of radius 6 cm with B as centre, cutting BY at R. Join ER.
6. HERB is the required parallelogram.

Calculation of area:
Area of the Parallelogram HERB = b x h sq. units
= 6 x 6.7 = 40.2 sq. cm

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