# Samacheer Kalvi 7th Maths Solutions Term 2 Chapter 4 Geometry Intext Questions

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## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 7th Maths Solutions Term 2 Chapter 4 Geometry Intext Questions

Exercise 4.1

Try These (Text book Page No. 66)

Question 1.
Triangle is formed by joining three ______ points.
Non collinear

Question 2.
A triangle has ______ vertices and ______ sides.
three, three

Question 3.
A point where two sides of a triangle meet is known as ______ of a triangle.
vertese

Question 4.
Each angle of an equilateral triangle is of measure.
same

Question 5.
A triangle has angle measurements of 29°, 65° and 86°. Then it is ______ triangle.
(i) an acute angled
(ii) a right angled
(iii) an obtuse angled
(iv) a scalene
(i) an acute angled

Question 6.
A triangle has angle measurements of 30°, 30° and 120°. Then it is ______ triangle.
(i) an acute angled
(ii) scalene
(iii) obtuse angled
(iv) right angled
obtuse angled

Question 7.
Which of the following can be the sides of a triangle?
(i) 5.9.14
(ii) 7,7,15
(iii) 1,2,4
(iv) 3, 6, 8
(iv) 3, 6, 8
Solution:
(i) Here 5 + 9 = 14 = the measure of the third side.
In a triangle the sum of the measures of any two sides must be greater than the third side.
∴ 5, 9, 14 cannot be the sides of a triangle.

(ii) 7.7.15
Here sum of two sides 7 + 7 = 14 < the measures of the thrid side.
So 1,1, 15 cannot be the sides of a triangles.

(iii) 1,2,4
Here sum of two sides 1 + 2 = 3 < the measure of the third side.
∴ 1, 2, 4 cannot be the sides of a triangle.

(iv) 3, 6, 8
Sum of two sides 3 + 6 = 9 > the third side.
∴ 3, 6, 8 can be the sides of a triangle.

Question 8.
Ezhil wants to fence his triangular garden. If two of the sides measure 8 feet and 14 feet then the length of the third side is ______
(i) 11 ft
(ii) 6 ft
(iii) 5 ft
(iv) 22 ft
(i) 11 ft

Question 9.
Can we have more than one right angle in a triangle?
Solution:
No, we cannot have more than one right angle in a triangle.
Because the sum of three angles of a triangle is 180°.
But if two angles are right angles then their sum itself become 180°.

Question 10.
How many obtuse angles are possible in a triangle?
Solution:
Only one.

Question 11.
In a right triangle, what will be the sum of other two angles?
Solution:
Sum of three angles of a triangle = 180°
If one angle is right angle (i.e. 90°) .
Sum of other two sides = 180° – 90° = 90°

Question 12.
Is it possible to form an isosceles right angled triangle? Explain.
Solution:
Yes, it is possible.
If one angle is right angle, then the other two angles will be 45° and 45°.

Exercise 4.2

Try These (Text book Page No. 76)

Question 1.
Measure and group the pair of congruent line segments.

Solution:
$$\overline{A B}$$ = 3 cm
$$\overline{C D}$$ = 4.8 cm
$$\overline{I J}$$ = 4.8 cm
$$\overline{P Q}$$ = 3 cm
$$\overline{R S}$$ = 1.7 cm
$$\overline{X Y}$$ = 1.7 cm
From the above measurement S, we can conclude that
(i) $$\overline{A B}$$ ≅ $$\overline{P Q}$$
(ii) $$\overline{C D}$$ ≅ $$\overline{I J}$$
(iii) $$\overline{R S}$$ ≅ $$\overline{X Y}$$

Try These (Text book Page No. 77)

Question 1.
Find the pairs of congruent angles either by superposition method or by measuring them.

Solution:
From the given figures
∠ABC = 50°
∠EFG = 120°
∠HIJ = 120°
∠KLH = 90°
∠PON = 50°
∠RST = 90°
From the above measures, we can conclude that
(i) ∠ABC = ∠PON
(ii) ∠EFG = ∠HIJ
(iii) ∠KLH ≅ ∠RST

Try These (Text book Page No. 83)

Question 1.
If ∆ABC ≅ ∆XYZ then list the corresponding sides and corresponding angles.

Solution:
If ∆ABC ≅ ∆XYZ
$$\overline{A B}$$ ≅ $$\overline{X Y}$$ – $$\overline{B C}$$ ≅ $$\overline{Y Z}$$
$$\overline{A C}$$ ≅ $$\overline{X Z}$$
And also
∠A ≅ ∠X – ∠B ≅ ∠Y
∠C ≅ ∠Z

Question 2.
Given triangles are congruent. Identify the corresponding parts and write the congruent statement.

Solution:
Given the set of triangles are congruent. Also we observe from the triangles that the corresponding sides.
$$\overline{A B}$$ = $$\overline{A C}$$
$$\overline{B C}$$ = $$\overline{Y Z}$$
$$\overline{A C}$$ = $$\overline{X Z}$$
Here three sides of ∆ABC are equal to the corresponding sides of ∆XYZ.
This criterion of congruency is side – side – side.

Question 3.
Mention the conditions needed to conclude the congruency of the triangles with reference to the above said criterions. Give reasons for your answer.

Solution:
(i) In ∆ABC and ∆XYZ
if $$\overline{A B}$$ = $$\overline{X Y}$$
$$\overline{B C}$$ = $$\overline{Y Z}$$
$$\overline{A C}$$ = $$\overline{X Z}$$
then ∆ABC ≅ ∆XYZ. By the Side – Side -Side Congruency Criterion.

then ∆AB ≅ ∆XYZ.
By Side – Angle – Side Criterion.

then ∆ABC ≅ ∆XYZ.
By Angle – Side – Angle Congruency Critirion.

then by RHS criterion.
∆ABC ≅ ∆XYZ