# Samacheer Kalvi 7th Maths Solutions Term 2 Chapter 4 Geometry Ex 4.3

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## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 7th Maths Solutions Term 2 Chapter 4 Geometry Ex 4.3

Miscellaneous Practice Problems

Question 1.
In an isoscales triangle one angle is 76°. If the other two angles are equal, find them.
Solution:
In an isoscales triangle, angle opposite to equal sides are equal. Let the equal angles be x° and x°.
In a triangle the sum of the three angles is 180°.
x° + x° + 76° = 180°
x° (1 + 1) = 180° – 76° = 104°
2x = 104°
x = $$\frac{104^{\circ}}{2}$$ = 52°
x = 52°
∴ Other two angles are 52° and 52°.

Question 2.
If two angles of a triangle are 46° each, how can you classify the triangle?
Solution:
Given two angles of the triangle are same and is equal to 46°. If two angles are equal the sides opposite to equal angles are equal. Therefore it will be an isoscales triangle. Question 3.
If an angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the other two angles, find the type of the triangle.
Solution:
Let ∠B is the greater angle then by the given condition ∠B = ∠A + ∠C.
Sum of three angle of a triangle = 180°. ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180°.
∠A + (∠A + ∠C) + ∠C) = 180°.
2∠A + 2∠C = 180°
2(∠A + ∠C) = 180°
∠A + ∠C = $$\frac{180^{\circ}}{2}$$
∠B = 90°
∴ One of the angle of the triangle = 90°
It will be a right angled triangle.

Question 4.
If the exterior angle of a triangle is 140° and its interior opposite angles are equal, find all the interior angles of the triangle.
Solution:
Given the exterior angle = 140°
Interior opposite angle are equal. Let one of the interior opposite angle be x.
Then x + x = 140°.
[∵ Exterior angle = sum of interior opposite angles]
2x = 140°
x = $$\frac{140^{\circ}}{2}$$ = 70°
x = 70°
Interior opposite angle = 70°, 70°.
Sum of the three angles of a triangle = 180°.
70° + 70° + Third angle = 180°
140° + Third angle = 180°
Third angle = 180° – 140° = 40°
∴ Interior angle are 40°, 70°, 70°. Question 5.
In ∆JKL, if ∠J = 60° and ∠K = 40°, then find the value of exterior angle formed by extending the side KL.
Solution:
When extending the side KL, the exterior angle formed in equal
to the sum of the interior opposite angles. ∠JLX = ∠LJK + ∠LKJ
= 60°+ 40° =100°
Exterior angle formed = 100°

Question 6.
Find the value of ‘x’ in the given figure. Solution:
Given ∠DCB = 1000 and ∠DBA = 128°
In the given figure
∠CBD + ∠DBA = 180°
∠CBD + 128° = 180°
∠CBD = 52°
Now exterior angle x = Sum of interior opposite angles.
x = ∠DCB + ∠CBD = 100° + 52° = 152°
x = 152° Question 7.
If ∆MNO ≅ ∆DEF, ∠M = 60° and ∠E = 45° then find the value of ∠O.
Solution:
Given ∆MNO ≅ ∆DEF ∴ Corresponding parts of conqruent triangle are congruent.
∠M = ∠D = 60° [given ∠M = 60°]
∠N = ∠E = 45° [given ∠E = 45°]
∠O = ∠F
In triangle MNO, sum of the three angle – 180°.
∠M + ∠N + ∠O = 180°
60° + 45° + ∠O = 180°
105° + ∠O = 180°
∠O = 180° – 105° = 75°
Value of ∠O = 75°

Question 8.
In the given figure ray AZ bisects ∠BAD and ∠DCB, prove that
(i) ∆BAC ≅ ∆DAC Solution:
(i) In ∆BAC and ∆DAC
∠BAC = ∠DAC [Given $$\overline{A Z}$$ bisects ∠BAD]
∠BCA = ∠DCA[$$\overline{A Z}$$ bisects ∠DCB]
AC = AC [∵ common side]
∴ Here AC is the included side of the angles. By ASA criterior, ∆BAC ≅ ∆DAC.

(ii) By (i) ∆BAC ≅ ∆DAC
BA = DA [By CPCTC] Question 9.
In the given figure FG = FI and H is midpoint of GI, prove that ∆FGH ≅ ∆FHI
Solution:
In ∆FGH and ∆FHI
Given FG = HI
Also, GH = HI [∵ H is the midpoint of GI] FH = FH [Common]
∴ By S.SS congruency criteria, ∆FGH ≅ ∆FIH. Hence proved.

Question 10.
Using the given figure, prove that the triangles are congruent. Can you conclude that AC is parallel to DE.
Solution:
In ∆ABC and ∆EBD, AB = EB
BC = BD
∠ABC = ∠EBD [∵ Vertically opposite angles]
By SAS congruency criteria. ∆ABC ≅ ∆EBD.
We know that corresponding parts of congruent triangles are congruent.
∴ ∠BCA ≅ ∠BDE
and ∠BAC ≅ ∠BED
∠BCA ≅ ∠BDE means that alternate interior angles are equal if CD is the transversal to lines AC and DE.
Similarly, if AE is the transversal to AC and DE, we have ∠BAC ≅ ∠BED
Again interior opposite angles are equal.
We can conclude that AC is parallel to DE. Challenge Problems

Question 11.
In given figure BD = BC, find the value of x. Solution:
Given that BD = BC
∆BDC is on isoscales triangle.
In isoscales triangle, angles opposite to equal sides are equal.
∠BDC = ∠BCD ……(1)
Also ∠BCD + ∠BCX = 180° [∵ Liner Pair]
∠BCD + 115° = 180°
∠BCD = 180° – 115°
∠BCD = 65° [By (1)]
[∵ BDC is the exterior angle and ∠BAD and ∠ABD are interior opposite angles]
35° + x = 65°
x = 65° – 35°
x = 30°

Question 12.
In the given figure find the value of x. Solution:
For ∆LNM, ∠LMK is the exterior angle at M.
Exterior angle = sum of opposite interior angles
∠LMK = ∠MLN + ∠LNM = 26° + 30° = 56°
∠JMK = 56° [∵ ∠LMK = ∠JMK]
x is the exterior angle at J for ∆JKM.
∴ x = ∠JKM + ∠KMJ [∵ Sum of interior opposite angles]
x = 58° + 56° [∵ ∠JMK = 56°]
x = 114°

Question 13.
In the given figure find the values of x and y. Solution:
In ∆BCA, ∠BAX = 62° is the exterior angle at A.
Exterior angle = sum of interior opposite angles.
∠ABC + ∠ACB = ∠BAX
28°+ x = 62°
x = 62° – 28° = 34°
Also ∠BAC + ∠BAX = 180° [∵ Linear pair]
y + 62° = 180°
y = 180° – 62° = 118°
x = 34°
y = 118° Question 14.
In ∆DEF, ∠F = 48°, ∠E = 68° and bisector of ∠D meets FE at G. Find ∠FGD. Solution:
Given ∠F = 48°
∠E = 68°
In ∆DEF,
∠D + ∠F + ∠E = 180° [By angle sum property]
∠D + 68° + 68° = 180°
∠D + 116° = 180°
∠D = 180° – 116° = 64°
Since DG is the angular bisector of ∠D.
∠FDG = ∠GDE
Also ∠FDG + ∠GDE = ∠D
2 ∠FDG = 64°
2 ∠FDG = 64°
∠FDG = $$\frac{64^{\circ}}{2}$$ = 32°
∠FDG = 32°
In ∆FDG,
∠FDG + ∠GFD = 180° [By angle sum property of triangles]
32° + ∠FDG + 48° = 180°
∠FDG + 80° = 180°
∠FDG = 180° – 80°
∠FDG = 100° Question 15.
In the figure find the value of x. Solution:
Exterior angle is equal to the sum of opposite interior angles.
in ∆TSP ∠TSP + ∠SPT = ∠UTP
75° + ∠SPT = 105°
∠SPT = 105° – 75°
∠SPT = 30° ……(1)
∠SPT + ∠TPR + ∠RPQ = 180° [∵ Sum of angles at a point on a line is 180°]
30° + 90° + ∠RPQ = 180°
120° + ∠RPQ = 180°
∠RPQ = 180° – 120°
∠RPQ = 60° …… (2)
∠VRQ + ∠QRP = 180° [∵ linear pair]
145° + ∠QRP = 180°
∠QRP = 180° – 145°
∠QRP = 35°
Now in ∆ PQR
∠QRP + ∠RPQ = x [∵ x in the exterior angle]
35° + 60° = x
95° = x Question 16.
From the given figure find the value of y. Solution:
From the figure,
∠ACB = ∠XCY [Vertically opposite angles]
∠ACB = 48° …(1)
In ∆ABC, ∠CBD is the exterior angle at B.
Exterior angle = Sum of interior opposite angles.
∠CBD = ∠BAC + ∠ACB
∠CBE + ∠EBD = 57° + 48°
65° + ∠EBD = 105°
∠EBD = 105° + 65° = 40° ……… (2)
In ∆EBD, y is the exterior angle at D.
y = ∠EBD + ∠BED
[∵ Exterior angle = Sum of opposite interior angles]
y = 40° + 97° [∵ From (2)]
y = 137°

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