# Samacheer Kalvi 7th Maths Solutions Term 1 Chapter 3 Algebra Ex 3.3

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## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 7th Maths Solutions Term 1 Chapter 3 Algebra Ex 3.3

Question 1.
Fill in the blanks.
(i) An expressions equated to another expression is called _______.
(ii) If a = 5, the value of 2a + 5 is _______.
(iii) The sum of twice and four times of the variable x is ______.
Solution:
(i) an equation
(ii) 15
(iii) 6x

Question 2:
Say True or False
(i) Every algebraic expression is an equation.
(ii) The expression 7x + 1 cannot be reduced without knowing the value of x.
Solution:
(i) False
(ii) True
(iii) True

Question 3.
Solve (i) x + 5 = 8
(ii) p – 3 = 1
(iii) 2x = 30
(iv) $$\frac{m}{6}$$ = 5
(v) 7x + 10 = 80
Solution:
(i) Given x + 5 = 8 ; Subtracting 5 on both the sides
x + 5 – 5 = 8 – 5
x = 3

(ii) Given p – 3 = 7 ; Adding 3 on both the sides,
p – 3 + 3 = 7 + 3
p = 10

(iii) Given 2x = 30 ; Dividing both the sides by 2,
$$\frac{2 x}{2}=\frac{30}{2}$$
x = 15

(iv) Given $$\frac{m}{6}$$ = 5 ; Multiplying both the sides by 6,
$$\frac{m}{6}$$ × 6 = 5 × 6
m = 30

(v) Given 7x + 10 = 80 ; Subtracting 10 from both the sides,
7x + 10 – 10 = 80 – 10
7x = 70
Dividing both sides by 7,
$$\frac{7 x}{7}=\frac{70}{7}$$
x = 10

Question 4.
What should be added to 3x + 6y to get 5x + 8y?
Solution:
To get the expression we should subtract 3x + 6y from 5x + 8y
5x + 8y – (3x + 6y) = 5x + 8y + (-3x – 6y)
= 5x + 8y – 3x – 6y = (5 – 3) x + (8 – 6) y
= 2x + 2y
So 2x + 2y should be added. Question 5.
Nine added to thrice a whole number gives 45. Find the number
Solution:
Let the whole number required be x.
Thrice the whole number = 3x
Nine added to it = 3x + 9
Given 3x + 9 = 45
3x + 9 – 9 = 45 – 9 [Subtracting 9 on both sides]
3x = 36
$$\frac{3 x}{3}=\frac{36}{3}$$
x = 12
∴ The required whole number is 12

Question 6.
Find the two consecutive odd numbers whose sum is 200
Solution:
Let the two consecutive odd numbers be x and x + 2
∴ Their sum = 200
x + (x + 2) = 200
x + x + 2 = 200
2x + 2 = 200
2x + 2 – 2 = 200 – 2 [∵ Subtracting 2 from both sides]
2x = 198
$$\frac{2 x}{2}=\frac{198}{2}$$ [Dividing both sides by 2]
x = 99
The numbers will be 99 and 99 + 2.
∴ The numbers will be 99 and 101.

Question 7.
The taxi charges in a city comprise of a fixed charge of ₹ 100 for 5 kms and ₹ 16 per km for ever additional km. If the amount paid at the end of the trip was ₹ 740, find the distance traveled.
Solution:
Let the distance travelled by taxi be ‘x’ km
For the first 5 km the charge = ₹ 100
For additional kms the charge = ₹ 16(x – 5)
∴ For x kms the charge = 100 + 16(x – 5)
Amount paid = ₹ 740
∴ 100 + 16 (x – 5) = 740
100 + 16 (x – 5) – 100 = 740- 100
16 (x – 5) = 640
$$\frac{16(x-5)}{16}=\frac{640}{16}$$
x – 5 = 40
x – 5 + 5 = 45 + 5
x = 45
x = 45 km
∴ Total distance travelled = 45 km

Objective Type Questions

Question 8.
The generalization of the number pattern 3, 6, 9, 12, …………. is
(i) n
(ii) 2n
(iii) 3n
(iv) 4n
Solution:
(iii) 3n

Question 9.
The solution of 3x + 5 = x + 9 is t
(i) 2
(ii) 3
(iii) 5
(iv)4
Solution:
(i) 2
Hint: 3x + 5 = x + 9 ⇒ 3x – x = 9 – 5 ⇒ 2x = 4 ⇒ x = 2 Question 10.
The equation y + 1 = 0 is true only when y is
(i) 0
(ii) -1
(iii) 1
(iv) – 2
Solution:
(ii) -1