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## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 11th Maths Solutions Chapter 10 Differentiability and Methods of Differentiation Ex 10.5

Choose the correct or the most suitable answer from the given four alternative

Question 1.

Solution:

(b)

Question 2.

If y = f(x^{2} + 2) and f'(3) = 5, then \(\frac{d y}{d x}\) at x = 1 is …………….

(a) 5

(b) 25

(c) 15

(d) 10

Solution:

(d)

Question 3.

If y = \(\frac{1}{4}\)u^{4}, u = \(\frac{2}{3}\)x^{3} + 5, then \(\frac{d y}{d x}\) is ……………

Solution:

(c)

Question 4.

If f(x) = x^{2} – 3x, then the points at which f(x) = f'(x) are …………………..

(a) both positive integers

(b) both negative integers

(c) both irrational

(d) one rational and another irrational

Solution:

(c)

f(x) = x^{2} – 3x

f'(x) = 2x – 3

Given f(x) = f'(x)

⇒ x^{2} – 3x = 2x – 3

⇒ x^{2} – 5x + 3 = 0

x = \(\frac{5 \pm \sqrt{25-12}}{2}=\frac{5 \pm \sqrt{13}}{2}\)

⇒ The roots are irrational

Question 5.

If y = \(\frac{1}{a-z}\), then \(\frac{d z}{d y}\) is ……………….

(a) (a – z)^{2}

(b) -(z – a)^{2}

(c) (z + a)^{2}

(d) -(z + a)^{2}

Solution:

(a)

Question 6.

If y = cos (sin x^{2}), then \(\frac{d y}{d x}\) at x = \(\sqrt{\frac{\pi}{2}}\) is …………..

(a) -2

(b) 2

(c) -2\(\sqrt{\frac{\pi}{2}}\)

(d) 0

Solution:

(d)

y = cos (sin x^{2})

\(\frac{d y}{d x}\) = – sin (sin x^{2}) [cos (x^{2})] (2x)

∴ \(\frac{d y}{d x}\) at x = \(\sqrt{\frac{\pi}{2}}\) = -sin (1) [0] = 0

Question 7.

If y = mx + c and f(0) = f'(0) = 1, then f(2) is ………………

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) -3

Solution:

(c)

y = mx + c

Given f(0) = f’ (0) = 1

Let f(x) = mx + c

f'(x) = m

f'(o) = m ⇒ m = 1

f(o) = m × 0 + c

f(o) = c

f(2) = c

f(2) = m × 2 + c

f(2) = 1 × 2 + 1 = 3

Question 8.

If f(x) = x tan^{-1}x, then f'(1) is ……………

(a) 1 + \(\sqrt{\frac{\pi}{4}}\)

(b) \(\frac{1}{2}+\frac{\pi}{4}\)

(c) \(\frac{1}{2}-\frac{\pi}{4}\)

(d) 2

Solution:

(b)

f(x) = x tan^{-1} x

Question 9.

\(\frac{d}{d x}\)(e^{x+5logx}) is ……………..

(a) e^{x}.x^{4} (x + 5)

(b) e^{x}.x (x + 5)

(c) e^{x} + \(\frac{5}{x}\)

(d) e^{x} – \(\frac{5}{x}\)

Solution:

(a)

y = e^{x+5logx} = e^{x}.e^{5logx} = e^{x}.e^{logx5}

= x^{5} e^{x}

∴ \(\frac{d y}{d x}\) = x^{5} (e^{x}) + e^{x} (5x^{4})

= e^{x}. x^{4} (x + 5)

Question 10.

If the derivative of (ax – 5) e^{3x} at x = 0 is -13, then the value of a is …………….

(a) 8

(b) -2

(c) 5

(d) 2

Solution:

(d)

Let y = (ax – 5) e^{3x}

\(\frac{\mathrm{d} \mathrm{y}}{\mathrm{d} x}\) = (ax – 5) e^{3x} (3) + e^{3x} (a × 1 – 0)

= 3 e^{3x} (ax – 5) + e^{3x} × a

\(\frac{\mathrm{d} \mathrm{y}}{\mathrm{d} x}\) = e^{3x} (3ax – 15 + a) ……….. (1)

Given at x = 0, \(\frac{\mathrm{d} \mathrm{y}}{\mathrm{d} x}\) = – 13

(1) ⇒ – 13 = e^{3 × 0} (3a × 0 – 15 + a)

– 13 = e^{0} (0 – 15 + a)

– 13 = – 15 – a

a = 15 – 13 = 2

a = 2

Question 11.

x = \(\frac{1-t^{2}}{1+t^{2}}\), y = \(\frac{2 t}{1+t^{2}}\) then \(\frac{d y}{d x}\) is …………..

Solution:

(c)

Given x = \(\frac{1-t^{2}}{1+t^{2}}\) and y = \(\frac{2 t}{1+t^{2}}\)

when we put t = tan θ

Then x = cos 2θ and y = sin 2θ

Question 12.

If x = a sin θ and y = b cos θ, then \(\frac{d^{2} y}{d x^{2}}\) is …………..

Solution:

(c)

Question 13.

The differential coefficient of log_{10}x with respect to log_{x} 10 is …………….

(a) 1

(b) -(log_{10}x)^{2}

(c) (log_{x} 10)^{2}

(d) \(\frac{x^{2}}{100}\)

Solution:

(b)

Question 14.

If f(x) = x + 2, then f'(f(x)) at x = 4 is ……………..

(a) 8

(b) 1

(c) 4

(d) 5

Solution:

(b)

f(x) = x + 2

f'(x) = 1

f'(x) (at x = 4) = 1

Question 15.

If y = \(\frac{(1-x)^{2}}{x^{2}}\), then \(\frac{d y}{d x}\) is ………………

Solution:

(d)

Question 16.

If pv = 81, then \(\frac{d p}{d v}\) at v = 9 is ………….

(a) 1

(b) -1

(c) 2

(d) -2

Solution:

(b)

Question 17.

If f(x) = then the right hand derivative of f(x) at x = 2 is ……………….

(a) 0

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 4

Solution:

(c)

Question 18.

It is given that f'(a) exists, then is ……………..

(a) f(a) – af'(a)

(b) f ‘(a)

(c) -f ‘(a)

(d) f(a) + af ‘(a)

Solution:

(a)

Question 19.

If f(x) = then f ‘(2) is ………………

(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) does not exist

Solution:

(d)

∴ f ‘(2) does not exist

Question 20.

If g(x) = (x^{2} + 2x + 3) f(x) and f(0) = 5 and then g ‘(θ) is ……………

(a) 20

(b) 22

(c) 18

(d) 12

Solution:

(b) 22

Question 21.

If f(x) = , then at x = 3, f ‘(x) is ………………

(a) 1

(b) -1

(c) 0

(d) does not exist

Solution:

(d)

as LHS ≠ RHS limit does not exist

Question 22.

The derivative of f(x) = x|x| at x = -3 is …………..

(a) 6

(b) -6

(c) does not exist

(d) 0

Solution:

(a)

f(x) = x |x|

when x < 0 we have |x| = – x

∴ At x = – 3, f(x) = x (- x) = – x^{2}

f'(x) = – 2x

f’ (- 3) = – 2 × – 3 = 6

Question 23.

If f(x) = , then which one of the following is true?

(a) f(x) is not differentiable at x = a

(b) f(x) is discontinuous at x = a

(c) f(x) is continuous for all x in R

(d) f(x) is differentiable for all x ≥ a

Solution:

(a)

f(x) is not differentiable at x = a

Question 24.

If f(x) = is differentiable at x = 1, then ………………

Solution:

(c)

Question 25.

Then number of points in R in which the function f(x) = |x – 1| + |x – 3| + sin x is not differentiable, is ……………..

(a) 3

(b) 2

(c) 1

(d) 4

Solution:

(b) 2

f(x) = |x – 1| + |x – 3| + sin x

f(x) is not differentiable at x = 1 and x = 3

Since at x = 1 and x = 3,

f(x) will have vertical tangent

∴ Number of points = 2