Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

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Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

The Attic Warm-up:

Look at the image given below.
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 1

1. Pick out the qualities that you possess and the qualities that you expect from your siblings/friends.
I possess the qualities of Compassion, Character, Respect, and Friendship. From my siblings, I expect Respect, Love, Sharing, and Family Bond

2. Working in pairs, find out the mutual qualities that you and your friends share. Justify your top priority with his / hers.
The mutual qualities we share as friends are Friendship and Character.
Friend 1: I think the most important quality needed to share a relationship among friends should be friendship.
Friend 2: I do agree that friendship is important but I feel the character is more important. It’s the character of a person that makes me choose my friends and maintain a cordial relationship. So, I feel its Character should be the top priority.
Friend 1: Yes dear friend, I think you are perfect in your viewpoint. Character maketh a personality. If Character is there, then all other aspects will fall in line.
Friend 2: Thank you, dear, for accepting my views and re-evaluating your views. Friendship falls in place when a friend has good character. Automatically, the relationship will be valued and held priceless.

3. Discuss in groups the need for human values.
Student 1: Values are beliefs that have an essential worth in its use to an individual. Values introduce an vital characteristic of self-concept and serve as guiding ethic for person.

Student 2: Human values are essential in today’s society and mostly in the business world. Human values are the features that guide people to take into account the human component when one interrelates with other human beings. They have many optimistic charm that create bonds of humanity between people and thus have value for all human beings.

Student 3: Rightly said! Human values are strong positive feelings for the human spirit of the other. These human values have the effect of closeness, consoling, comforting and obtaining peacefulness. Human values are the basis for any practical life within society.

Student 4: Yes I agree, they build space for an initiative that leads to peace. To be precise, human values are common and shared by all human beings. irrespective of their religion, nationality, culture, financial status, and family background.

The Attic InText Questions

a. When did Aditya leave the local school?
Aditya left the local school after he had passed the matric examination.

b. Why did Aditya think that the school would not be recognisable?
It would not be recognisable, as it had undergone many changes during the passage of time.

c. Who were Aditya’s ancestors?
Aditya’s ancestors were once the Zamindars of Bramhapur.

d. How was the landscape through which they travelled?
On either side of the road were paddy fields. Harvest was over.

e. What did Aditya visit?
Aditya visited the local school.

f. Where was Nagen uncle’s shop?
Nagen uncle’s shop was next to a grocery shop and opposite to a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.

g. Besides tea, what did Nagen uncle have in his shop?
Besides tea, he had biscuits and savouries.

h. What did Nagen uncle tell about Sanyal?
Nagen told them that Sanyal was short of sight and hearing. He had no money to buy spectacles.

i. In what way was Mr. Sanyal’s behaviour strange?
Sanya stood up, stretched himself, and raised his lean right arm. He began to recite the poem and ran away.

j. What did Nagen uncle tell about Sanyal’s past life?
Sanyal had lost his wife and only son last year. He sold all his lands to get his only daughter married. Since then, he was somewhat changed and not really normal.

k. How did Sanyal show that he had a sense of self-respect?
By paying money for his tea and biscuits in the tea shop.

l. Why was the attic’s favourite place for the children?
The attic had been a favourite place for the children because it was in the attic the children seemed to be in a world of their own.

m. What did Aditya do on reaching the attic?
On reaching the attic, Aditya searched for an article and found it on the top of the packing case in the attic.

n. What did the jeweller say about the article?
The jeweller said that it was an antique.

o. Was Sanyal happy about his visitors?
No, Sanyal was not happy about his visitors.

p. Why did Sanyal recite the poem in the tea shop earlier?
Sanyal recited the poem in the tea shop in order to make Aditya remember the incidents on the prize-giving day. He recited the same poem that he had recited on the prize-giving day.

q. What was engraved on the medal?
Sriman Sasanka Sanyal-Special Prize for Recitation-1948.

The Attic Textual Questions

A. Answer the following questions in two or three sentences.

Question 1.
Write a few lines about the owner of the shop.
The owner of the tea shop was uncle Nagen. His age was over sixty. He was a little rustic in appearance, with his white neatly-combined hair and clean look. He was wearing a dhoti and a blue striped shirt under a green shawl.

Question 2.
What was the daily routine of Sanyal?
Sanyal came to the tea shop regularly. He had tea and biscuits. He never failed to pay.

Question 3.
Why was there a sudden change in Aditya’s expression?
While leaving the tea shop, Sanyal recited a poem, written by Tagore. It was the same poem Aditya heard at his school, twenty-nine years ago, on the prize-giving day. So, there was a sudden change in Aditya’s expression.

Question 4.
Why did Aditya decide to visit his ancestral home?
To revive his childhood memories.

Question 5.
What was the condition of the attic?
A portion of a wall of the attic had crumbled down. Through the created window, we could see the sky, the fields, a part of the rice mill, the tall structure of the old temple. In the whole house, the attic had probably been the worst hit by wind and weather. The floor was strewn with twigs, straw, and pigeon droppings.

Question 6.
When did Aditya heave a sigh of relief? Why?
When Aditya had got what he had been looking for in the attic, he heaved a sigh of relief. It was Sanyal’s silver medal. He took it from him 29 years ago. He lied that it was lost. Now he wanted to return it to him.

Question 7.
Why did Aditya and his friend go to the jeweller?
Aditya and his friend went to the jeweller to find out the weight of the article.

Question 8.
What did Aditya offer Sanyal?
Aditya offered Sanyal a sum of one hundred and fifty rupees.

Question 9.
“Your grievances are absolutely justified.” Who says this to whom? Why?
Aditya said this to Sanyal because Aditya was the cause for Sanyals grievances.

Additional Questions

Question 1.
Where did Aditya pursue his schooling and his higher education after Std. X?
Aditya did his matriculation schooling at his native village Bramhapur where he was born and proceeded to continue his higher studies in Calcutta.

Question 2.
What was the relationship between the narrator and Aditya the central character of the story, ‘The Attic’?
After the demise of Aditya’s father, Aditya had to look after it. Satyajit Ray, the narrator was Aditya’s friend and also his business partner.

Question 3.
What could one see through the attic window?
Through the ‘window’ that had been created in the attic, one could see the sky, the fields, a part of the rice mill and the spire of the old temple.

Question 4.
What were the things found in the attic?
Among many other things, there was a broken cricket bat, the remains of an armchair and a wooden packing case in the attic.

Question 5.
Who is Jogesh Kabiraj?
Jogesh Kabiraj is Sasanka Sanyal’s father’s friend.

Question 6.
Why did Sanyal give his prize to Aditya on the Prize distribution Day?
Sanyal gave Aditya the prize he got on the Prize distribution day because Aditya wanted to show his father.

Question 7.
What was the prize of silver when Aditya and Sanyal were Std X students and how much more is it now?
The price of silver was not more than five rupees then and now silver is thirty times costlier.

Question 8.
Did Sasanka realize his desire?
Yes, Sasanka’s desire was realized as Aditya restored to its owner the medal that had been hidden in the attic for twenty-one long years.

Question 9.
When did Aditya and the narrator go to Bramhapur?
Aditya and the narrator were returning from the site of their new factory at Deodarganj. While returning, in the month of Magha, ” that is January or February by the English calendar, sometime in the middle of winter, around 3.30 p.m. they went to Bramhapur.

Question 10.
How did Sanyal react when he was asked to go home by Nagen?
When Nagen, the owner of the tea shop reminded Mr. Sanyal to go home as it was 4 p.m. Sanyal reacted sharply. Pricked by the same, he stood up, stretched himself and raised his lean right arm and with eyes dilated, began to recite a poem by Tagore – Panraksha titled in English, ‘Keeping of a Promise\ Having recited the poem, he left the place, making the gesture of Namaste with his hands, to nobody in particular. I noticed a sudden change in Aditya’s expression and I asked him the reason for it.

Question 11.
What did Aditya do when he went to the attic?
When Aditya went up the attic, he got on top of the packing case and pushed his hand inside the ventilator. He upset a sparrow’s nest, a part of which fell to the ground. It looked as if he was in search of something that he had left there 29 years ago.

Question 12.
From the jeweler’s shop, where did Aditya and his friend go? Why?
From the jeweler’s shop, Aditya went straight to Jogesh Kabiraj’s house where Mr. Sasanka Sanyal whom he met at Nagen’s uncle’s tea shop lived. Aditya wanted to meet Sasanka Sanyal.

Question 13.
What did they find in Sasanka Sanyal’s room? What was Sanyal doing?
In Sasanka Sanyal’s room, there was absolutely nothing but just a charpoy to sit on. Sasanka Sanyal was busy reciting verses from Tagore.

Question 14.
What did Sanyal tell about Aditya Narayan Chowdury?
Sanyal said that Aditya Narayan Chowdhury was the spoilt child of affluent parents. He was a fairly good student but could never beat him in his studies. He also said that he was extremely jealous of him and used to tell lies.

Question 15.
What did Sanyal say about Aditya who had asked him for his prize?
Sanyal said that Aditya could not bear the fact that Sanyal had got a prize. He was envious and said that he had lost it because of the hole in his pocket.

Question 16.
What did Sasanka tell Aditya, looking at the fifteen ten-rupee notes in his hand?
Sasanka said to Aditya, ‘Aditya, this smacks too much of charity. Doesn’t it? I had recognised you at Nagen uncle’s tea shop by that mole on your right cheek. I could see you had not recognised me. So I recited the same poem that I had recited on the prize-giving day, on purpose, so that you may remember. Then, when you came to visit me, I couldn’t help venting my anger on you.’

Question 17.
Did Sasanka accept the money given by Aditya? Why?
Sasanka did not accept the money given by Aditya. He rejected it saying that money would soon be spent and that he would have preferred to have the medal if it were possible to forget the unpleasant incident of his childhood.

B. Answer in a paragraph of about 100-150 words.

Question 1.
Give a detailed account of all thoughts and questions in the narrator’s mind while accompanying Aditya from the tea shop to Sanyal’s house?
The “Attic” is a story that depicts a child’s psychology. The narrator wanted to rectifý the mistake that he had done in childhood. Let us see them ¡n detail.

Narrator’s visit:
The narrator and his friend Aditya had visited Aditya’s village after 29 years. They went to Nagen uncle’s tea shop. They saw green fields on either side of the road. They met Nagen uncle. They had tea and biscuits in Nagen uncle’s shop.

Visiting Sanyal:
They met Sasanka Sanyal there. Sanyal suddenly stood up and began to recite the poem “Panraksha” by Tagore. The narrator noticed a sudden change in Aditya’s face. Aditya wanted to see his ancestral house. After reaching, he went to the attic and searched for a medal. The narrator was
confused. They went to the jeweller to find out the weight. Not knowing the narrator asked Aditya to which he didn’t answer.

They went to Kabiraj’s house where Sanyal stayed. Aditya confessed Sanyal for his act of stealing his medal. Then only the narrator know all answers for the questions in his mind.

Question 2.
‘Man does change with time’-What were the various changes that came about in Aditya?
Man does change with time. According to Sanyal, Aditya was a boy who could never compete him in scholastic or non-scholastic activities. He was a liar and an envious personality. But, years later Aditya no longer is the same personality. He is more matured and responsible. His childish nature makes him feel guilty for stealing the medal that belonged to Sanyal.

Aditya now wanted to restore Sanyal, his lost happiness. Knowing about his financial constraints, he decides to give him the cost of the silver medal. He drives with a firm determination to his ancestral house. When he reaches, he rushes to the attic. Aditya gets on top of a packing case and pushes his hand inside the ventilator, upsetting a sparrow’s nest. However, he heaves a sigh of relief when he gets what he had been looking for. He goes straight to the Jeweller to determine the current rate of the medal in the market.

All these surely show a remarkable change in him. Even when Sanyal behaves rudely, Aditya is courteous and friendly. His only intention is penitence. He is so mature that he even understands and justifies the grievances Sanyal had in his heart. When Sanyal prefers the medal, without second thoughts he restores it to Sanyal whole-heartedly.
“Change is universal.”

Question 3.
Give a brief character sketch of Sasanka Sanyal.
Sasanka Sanyal was the classmate of Aditya. Sanyal was â brilliánt student. In this lesson we can see various changes that came in the life of Sanyal.

About Sanyal:
Sanyal was an intellectual student. Aditya couldn’t beat Sanyal. One day Sanyal got a medal for reciting the poem ‘Panraksha” by Tagore. Aditya was jealous. He asked for the medal from Sanyal and he did not return it. After 29 years, Sanyal lost his wife and only son the year before and stayed in
kabiraj’s house.

Narrator’s visit:
The narrator and Aditya visited Aditya’s village after 29 years. They went to Nagen uncle’s tea shop. They met Sasanka Sanyal there. Sanyal began to recite the poem by Tagore. Aditya realised that the man was Sanyal. He sold the medal and bought 150 rupees.

Sanyal’s present life:
Sanyal with nobody to take care stayed in Kabiraj’s house. Now, Aditya went to Kabiraj’s house and asked for Sanyal. He met Sanyal and handed over Rs. 150 and he pardoned. But Sanyal refused to accept it. He asked for the medal.


Compound Words Task:
Complete the following table with two more compound words.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 1


  1. wristwatch
  2. schoolgirl
  3. sunburn
  4. toothbrush
  5. washroom
  6. typeset
  7. upstairs
  8. backbone
  9. sleeping-pill
  10. washing-machine
  11. bookbinding
  12. time-consuming
  13. fit-for-nothing
  14. all for good
  15. commanders-in-chief
  16. daughters-in-law

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 3

C. Combine the words in column A with those in column B to form compound words as many as you can.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 4
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 5

D. Form compound words from the boxes given below and fill in the blanks in the sentences that follow with the appropriate compound words.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 6

  1. Siva visited the hairstylist to have a clean ………………..
  2. Tharani had given the sarees for ……………………
  3. The ………………….. is a natural process that warms the earth’s surface.
  4. Never wait for an to …………………………. wake you up.
  5. The children were late to school as there was a ……………………… near the toll plaza.
  6. The government expects every individual to promptly pay the …………………..
  7. People usually wear …………………. during summer.
  8. The patients were asked to sit in the ……………………….. until the doctor arrived.
  9. With teamwork, we are able to multiply our …………………………….
  10. The room was looking bright with the colourful …………………..


  1. haircut
  2. dry-cleaning
  3. greenhouse
  4. alarm clock
  5. traffic-jam
  6. income-tax
  7. sun-glasses
  8. waiting-room
  9. out-put
  10. wallpaper


  1. Dinesh succumbed to heart …………….. at a very early age.
  2. My dentist always recommends a peppermint flavoured ……………….. paste.
  3. The full ……………….. was a sight to behold.
  4. The ……………. style looks good on Silver.
  5. There is swimming …………………. in my school.
  6. Flying an air ……………….. is indeed a challenge.
  7. Dolly is ………………… set because she lost her purse.
  8. The plane has just landed in the …………………….. way.
  9. A …………………….. crow is used to shoo away the birds from destroying the crops.
  10. There aren’t any letters in the ………………… box.


  1. attack
  2. tooth
  3. moon
  4. hair
  5. pool
  6. craft
  7. up
  8. run
  9. scare
  10. post-/mail


E. (i) Form new words by adding appropriate prefix/suffix:
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 7


  1. inaccurate
  2. misunderstand
  3. malpractice
  4. bio-technology
  5. fashionable
  6. indifferent/ differential
  7. childish / childhood
  8. nationalise
  9. original / originality
  10. enjoyable

(ii) Frame sentences of your own using any five newly formed words.

  1. Mithwin browsed information to pursue Biotechnology.
  2. The students were booked for various malpractice by the flying squad.
  3. The Revenue Inspector asked for all the original documents for verification.
  4. During her childhood, Nimmi used to suffer from convulsions.
  5. Overall, it was an enjoyable journey to the Balagola tea estate.

F. Fill in the blanks by adding appropriate prefix/suffix to the words given in brackets.

  1. He was sleeping …………………. in his couch, (comfort)
  2. Kavya rides a …………………. to school. (cycle)
  3. There was only a ……………………… of people in the theatre.(hand)
  4. It is …………………………. to cut sandalwood trees.(legal)
  5. The ………………………. of the President has been expected for the last half an hour.(arrive)
  6. The man behaved …………………… in front of the crowd, (normal)
  7. Swathy had no …………………….. of visiting the doctor, (intend)
  8. The bacteria are so small that you need a ………………. to see them, (scope)


  1. comfortably
  2. bicycle
  3. handful
  4. illegal
  5. arrival
  6. abnormally
  7. intention
  8. microscope


A. Complete the sentences given below choosing the right connectors given in brackets.

  1. Call me ………………… you need money, (so that, in order that, in case)
  2. I forgot ………………….. I had to meet the Principal, (whether, that, if)
  3. …………………….. he is ninety years old, he is in the pink of health, (when, since, though)
  4. It is raining. Take an umbrella ………………………. you will get drenched, (or else, and, but)
  5. They faced many hardships ……………………….. they are always cheerful, (although, nevertheless, otherwise)


  1. in case
  2. that
  3. Though
  4. or else
  5. nevertheless

B. Fill in the blanks with the connector that goes with the underlined words.

  1. Both the minister ……………………. the officers visited the affected areas.
  2. Jaya teaches not only English …………………. Science.
  3. Either Raghu ……………………. Bala will have to buy vegetables from the market.
  4. No sooner did I enter the house …………………….. it started drizzling.


  1. as well as
  2. but also
  3. or

C. Combine the pairs of sentences using appropriate connectors.

1. We came late. We did not miss the train.
Although we came late, we did not miss the train.

2. They checked the packet twice. Then they sealed it.
They checked the packet twice and then they sealed it.

3. Sita saw a snake. At once she ran away.
When Sita saw a snake, at once she ran away.

4. Robert completed the project. He submitted it to the teacher.
After Robert completed the project, he submitted it to the teacher.

5. Yusuf was running high temperature. He could not take part in the competition.
As Yusuf was running high temperature, he could not take part in the competition.

D. Tick the correct linker.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 8
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 9

E. Supply suitable linkers.

1. “…………………. I was alive and had a human heart, ” answered the statue, “I did not know what tears were, I lived in the palace ………………….. sorrow was not allowed to enter. My courtiers called me the Happy Prince …………………. Happy Indeed I was. So I lived and ………………… I died.

2. Many writers make incorrect sentences ……………………… they try to put sentences together. They may make grammatical errors ……………………. leave out important punctuation marks. Making such mistakes is quite common ……………………….. preparing the first draft ……………….. he must carefully edit his final draft.

3. In most large cities ………………….. towns of our country, there are special schools for girls. ………….. there are many co-educational schools …………. girls ……………… boys study together. Most parents allow their daughters to attend these schools, …………………….. there are some parents are against such schools for girls …………………. the age of 14 or 15.

  1. When, for, where, and, so
  2. when, and, while, However
  3. and, As, both, and, but, who, after

F. Rearrange the words in the correct order to make meaningful sentences.

1. as /i / healthy / are / you / am / as
I am as healthy as you are!

2. your / today / put on / new / since / is / birthday /dress / the
Put on the new dress since today is your birthday.

3. allergic / dogs / Rani / though / is / to / of / six / she / them / has
Though Rani is allergic to dogs, she has six of them.

4. speaks / Ruben / besides / German /languages / two
Besides German, Ruben speaks two languages.

5. loan/apply/you/if/for/you/a/get/will/immediately/it/
If you apply for a loan, you will get it immediately.


G. Write the noun forms of the following words.

  1. beautiful
  2. breathe
  3. enter
  4. know
  5. deafen
  6. zealous
  7. familiar
  8. accept
  9. dangerous


  1. beauty
  2. breath
  3. entrance
  4. knowledge
  5. deaf
  6. zeal, zealot, zealousness
  7. familiarity
  8. acceptance
  9. danger

H. Complete the following sentences using the noun form of the words given in brackets.

  1. The boy had to give a proper …………….. for being late, (explain)
  2. They could make ……………… about the future, (predict)
  3. At one point in life, he had no …………………… but to trust his friend, (choose)
  4. The monuments are to be preserved because of their historical ……………….. (significant)
  5. It is very difficult to work with so many …………………… (distract)


  1. explanation
  2. predictions
  3. choice
  4. significance
  5. distractions

I. Rewrite the sentences nominalising the underlined words. The first one has been done for you.

Ex: Students work diligently to score well in exams.
Students work with diligence to score well in exams.

1. We succeeded in our attempt.
Our attempt was a success.

2. Nalini leads a happy life.
Nalini’s life is led to happiness.

3. She failed and it disappointed her.
Her failure was a disappointment to her.

4. India became an independent country in the year 1947.
In the year 1947, our country got its independence.

5. The child resembles her father.
The child has a resemblance to her father.

J. Combine the pairs of sentences given below’ into a single sentence using the noun form of the highlighted words.

1. He is an honest person. Everyone likes him.
Everyone likes him for his honesty.

2. Sathya gave an explanation. The police wanted her to prove it.
The police wanted proof from Sathya for her explanation.

3. He speaks well. It attracts all.
His speech is an attraction to all.

4. Suresh is always punctual and regular. It has earned him a good job.
The punctuality and regularity of Suresh have earned him a good job.

5. The policeman arrived quickly. It made us happy.
The quick arrival of the policemen made us happy.

K. Complete the sentences in the paragraph using the appropriate form of words given in brackets.

1. My sister wanted to go to Mumbai last week. She made a …………………….. (decide) to buy a ticket at once. As ………………………. (reserve) could be done online, she gave (prefer) to book a ticket that way. First, she collected ……………………….. (inform) about the ………………….. (arrive) and …………………. (depart) of trains and airplanes.

2. A few days later, Androcles was captured by his master. He had to suffer all kinds of …………………
(punish). At last, he was thrown to a lion which was in great ………………. (hungry). It had been kept in an ………………. (enclose) and had not been fed for several days. His friends stood there with ……………………… (tear) eyes as the lion rushed towards him. The lion stopped near him and stood for a while …………………. (look) at him. Then it lay down by his side like a pet dog ………………. (obvious), the lion recognized Androcles and the ………………………. (help) he had given it.

  1. decision, reservation, preference, information, arrival, departure
  2. punishment, hunger, enclosure, tearful, looking, Obviously, help

Phrases And Clauses
Finite And Non-Finite Verbs:

L. Identify the phrases in the following sentences and classify them as Adjective, Adverb or Noun phrases.

1. The girl in the blue saree is my sister.
Adjective phrase: in blue saree (It modifies the noun – girl)

2. Kohli hopes to win the trophy.
Noun phrase: to win the trophy (it serves as the object of the verb hopes)

3. The train halts at every junction.
Adverb phrase: at every junction (shows the place)

4. I have never seen such a picture.
Noun phrase: such a picture (acts as the object of the verb phrase ‘have…seem’)

5. She worked in an enthusiastic manner.
Adverb phrase: an enthusiastic manner (shows the manner in which she was working)

M. Identify the clauses and classify them accordingly:

  1. Ram bought a pen that doesn’t write well.
  2. Come back as soon as possible.
  3. Most of her friends whom she had invited attended her wedding.
  4. My brother visits my father whenever he comes to Chennai.
  5. Call me in case there is an emergency.
  6. Until the sun sets, the old woman cannot step out of her house. ‘
  7. She knows where I go.
  8. You can go wherever you want.


  1. Noun Clause
  2. Adverb Phrase
  3. Adjective Clause
  4. Adverb clause
  5. Adverb Clause
  6. Adverb Clause
  7. Adverb Clause
  8. Adverb Clause

Listening Activity:
Listen to the procedure to book online tickets carefully and fill in the blanks that follow. Listen to the recording twice.
Step 1
Login to your irctc account on

Step 2
Now fill in the information asked in Book Your Ticket section. Choose from and fill in the starting point of your journey. Fill in the destination in To. Choose the date and class.

Step 3
Click find trains. A list of available trains will appear. Choose the train and then click on check availability and fare for the train of your choice.

Step 4:
Click on Book now.

Step 5:
Now fill in your personal details like name, date of birth, berth preference, mobile number, any valid ID proof number, and email(the ticket will be sent to this number and email). After filling information and captcha click on continue booking.

Step 6:
This is the final step where you have to make payment for your ticket. There are various methods through which irctc accepts payment. You can make the payment by credit/debit card or e-wallets.

N. Fill in the blanks :

  1. …………………… into your IRCTC account.
  2. Fill in the information asked to you in ………………… section.
  3. The ………………….. and ……………….. of your journey must also be selected.
  4. List of …………………. trains will appear.
  5. You must check on the …………….. and ………………. for the train of your choice.
  6. Your personal details like ………………….. and ………………. are a must.
  7. After filling information and captcha click on ……………………… booking.
  8. You can make the payment either by …………………….. or …………………


  1. Login
  2. Book your Ticket
  3. to, fro
  4. available
  5. availability, fare
  6. name, age
  7. continue
  8. credit cards, e-wallets

Speaking Activity:

Mock Press Conference:
Mock Press Conference is an event wherein the participants would pose as public figures ranging from writers to scientists, politicians to singers, sports personalities to film stars. They speak, hear, and raise questions. It is a tool used to generate news, especially news that appears in print or electronic media which is prominent and relevant.
With the help of your teacher organise a mock press conference. The following steps will help you in organizing a Mock Press Conference.

  1. Decide on who is going to hold the press conference.
  2. Plan the date, time, and venue.
  3. Select and train the participants.

While addressing the. conference

  • Be clear and concise
  • Avoid using rhetoric, or nonverbal expressions like ‘hmmm’ ‘ah’ etc.
  • You can use expressions like

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 10
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 11

O. Given below are the various personalities from different fields. The topic of discussions is also given. Take roles and conduct a Mock Press Conference.

(i) Mr. Anand Tony, director of the award-winning movie ‘Poo’, is meeting the press. Take turns to be the director and media persons. Conduct a perfect discussion.
Media Person 1: Director sir. Congratulations on your film “Poo” winning many awards.
Director: Thank you.
Media Person 1: Why did you choose the title “Poo”?
Director: The heroine is gentle and sensitive to the feelings of the person she loves and lives in the fond hope that he is living somewhere happily.

Media Person 2 : What makes the film so appealing to the masses across the world?
Director: I think that the disillusionment caused by the shattering of two different dreams of two different people for one person has touched a chord in the hearts of people because people do have dreams not only for themselves but they have dreams for others. When the dream for others fails, it hurts deep especially when the dream is nurtured for decades. The main aspects of this film are of the selfless, deep love and admiration that Maari (Parvathy) develops for her cousin Thangarasu (Srikanth) and the love and expectations of a poor, hardworking father (Ram) to his son Thangarasu.

Media person 3: Which song do you like very much from this movie? Why?
Director: Avaramboo sung by Chinmayee is a masterpiece. Poet Muthukumar has beautifully expressed the feelings of Maari in his excellent lyrics and the scenes tell the story in a nutshell.

Media Person 4: Why have you shown Thangaraju as a failure?
Director: Well, many think that money through marriage or good alliance can change the fortune of hardworking people. Wealth may earn respect from outsiders but if a woman fails to respect the feelings of her husband he will be through hell. Real wealth in life is love. Thangarasu’s father realizes what his son has lost very late. Happiness is the most precious wealth.
Media Persons: We wish you much more success in life. Sir, thank you for your time

(ii) Ms. Pavithra Rao, the squash player who won the gold medal at the recent Asian Games, is holding a press conference. Let the discussion focus more on the strategies that helped her to win.
Media Person 1: Congratulations Pavithra Rao mam on your Asian Gold title
Pavithra Rao: Thank you

Media Person 2: What is your advice to girls who want to shine like you in international Squash?
Pavithra Rao: They must practice hitting to a good length. Stroke the ball to the front wall with sufficient judgment to make it bounce at the back of the court behind the service box. The ball should never hit the back wall on the full or fail to hit the back wall, ideally after one bounce and die. Develop it, as a reflex action with practice, by hitting hard below the front wall service line, or soft above the service line. The objective is to confine your opponent to the back of the court, moving him out of the dominating position at the T.

Media Person 2: Which area should the player focus on more?
Pavithra Rao: Aim for the back comers. Your opponent’s options are reduced when you play in the back comer. Thirty feet away he can’t attack, and his swing is restricted. While playing a cross-court, you should hit wide so that he cannot reply with a volley

Media Person 3: What can we do to drive the opponent player crazy and insecure?
Pavithra Rao: Keep it close to the sidewall. As a routine, keep the ball straight, in the comers, along the sidewall (easier said than done). This will cause your opponent to move away from the T and hinder him from attacking or volleying. He will be on the defensive and there may be a possibility of a weak return.

Media Person 4: What kind of practice keeps you alert on the game?
Pavithra Rao: Move to the ‘T’ after playing your shot. This will allow you to move and pick up your opponent’s shot, be it a drop to a front court or a shot to the backcourt. Generally, take long strides to the ball, so the body is in the recommended position when playing the stroke, and can also recover quickly for the next rally. The player controlling the Twill invariably control the point. Even after playing a drop or front wall boast you should move back to the T, to await your opponent’s stroke.

Practice correct movements by on-court shadow (ghosting) routines and shot specific drills. Watch the ball. Some players find it hard to watch the ball, especially when the ball is hit behind the player, they just watch the front wall. Players also tend to lift their head to see their opponent’s position, before playing their own stroke. Make it a practice to watch the ball until impact on your and your opponent’s racket. This will give you the extra milliseconds to respond and can also avoid injuries of being accidentally hit by your opponent, their racket or ball.

Media Person 1: What kind of food do you recommend for a Squash player?
Pavithra Rao: Eat smart. There is no perfect diet, as everyone has different needs and
requirements. The best diet is one that provides adequate fuel and is balanced with nutrients in the required amounts. If you eat healthily, you will train harder, and be in better physical and mental condition. Water and proper hydration are very important. Unreplaced fluid losses can impair performance. Please drink water as required by your system during training and matches. Eat well during tournaments, preferably carbohydrates.

Media Person 2: What kind of training do you recommend for promising Squash players to stay in the game for long?
Pavithra Rao: Balance you’re on and off-season training with a mixture of flexibility, aerobic, anaerobic and strength training and conditioning. Training must be combined with an appropriate diet and also provide adequate recovery periods for your body to rebuild and develop. Stick to your training schedule, avoid short, hectic training, and concentrate on longer and systematic training to avoid injury and build up your body’s reserves. Everyone needs a specific training program, dependent on your genetics, physical shape, and training history. This will determine how much training you can do now and your body’s response to the training. There are some top junior squash players in South Africa.
Media Person 2: Thank you, ma’am.

(iii) GL Home Appliances has introduced a product to purify salt water. The CEO of the company has agreed to meet the press to launch their new product.
Moderator: Good morning ladies and gentlemen. We have amidst us the GL CEO Mr. John Kennedy to address the press. We thank you, members, of the various press, to accept our invitation and grace the occasion at the launch of our new product Me(heal)aqua, water purifier. I request our CEO to address the gathering after which you could put forth your questions.

GL CEO: Water is life-saving and indispensable but clean drinking water is vital. We are continually facing a perplexing situation when it comes to buying a water purifier. Buying the best water purifier without having sufficient knowledge of the market and the products is a challenge. Here we are to say why our product is the best.

Media 1: What is the unique feature of this new product you are going to launch?
GL CEO: The Me(heal)aqua 3-Stage water filtration system fits under your sink and can remove over fifty contaminants, including chlorine, asbestos, heavy metals like mercury and lead, and several other organic chemicals. It works with all water types, including municipal, _ well water, and very hard water.

Media 2: How about its authentic certification?
GL CEO: This water filter is certified by the NSF. The National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) sets international standards for clean food and water.

Media 3: Is it user friendly?
GL CEO: The Me (heal) aqua Installation is quite a user friendly. The filter comes with all the tubes and connectors you need. Once installed, the water purifier is sleek and attractive. It comes with a sink faucet, so you filter only the water you drink and not all the water flowing in your kitchen. This reduces the need to change filters frequently. An alarm facility to replace the filters is a unique feature.

Media 4: How about the warranty and service queries?
GL CEO: It comes with a 90-day guarantee and a one-year warranty. Our biggest complaint about our previous machine was that it’s difficult to reach customer service representatives if you have a question or need a replacement part. But now, we have given a 24-hour toll-free number to answer all queries.

Media 5: Why should the customers trust GL Water purifier Me(heal)aqua?
GL CEO: We’ve been gauging water filtration systems since 2015 and have spent hours researching by comparing product pages, reading reviews and consulting with industry professionals. We learned that there are different types of filtration systems, including single¬cartridge and three- and five-stage systems, each with its own pros and cons. This is a five-stage system.

Media 6: How was the product tested?
GL CEO: We have read many customer feedbacks and installation guides to leam how to install water filter systems. As we reviewed many systems, we considered the number of contaminants each one removes to be its most important feature. We found that some filters don’t remove contaminants such as mercury and asbestos, and we gave higher scores to systems that do remove these harmful elements.

Media 7: Will the Pricing be pocket friendly?
GL CEO: Water filter systems tend to be relatively expensive. It isn’t rare for water filter systems to cost anywhere from Rs.8000 to Rs.24000. These more expensive systems should do a better job of removing contaminants from your drinking water and making it taste fresher. Remember our filters can be used for 12 months without any complaints.

Media 8: What is your Final Thoughts on your Water Filters to customers?
GL CEO: As you’re probably aware, there are many water filter options available and I think you would have tried most of them over the years. The quality can vary greatly. Since drinking clean water is one of the most important things you can do for your health, having a reliable water filter to consume should be at the top of your natural living priority list. Go for Me (heal) aqua and lead a healthy lifestyle. Thank you.


Read the following letter from a parent to her son’s coach and answer the questions given below:
Dear coach,
Thanks for the special gifts that you have given to my child. You learned his name and spoke it often. You taught him the basics of the sport as well as special ways to improve and excel. Although you had a whole team of kids to mentor, you took time for individual instruction where needed.

Under your care, I have watched him transform from a timid, doubting child to a strong, happy player willing to give all for the team. Throughout the season when he gave his best, even though it was not quite enough to gain that extra point, you recognised his contribution with a pat on the back and encouraging words.

Your wise approach showed him that, although winning is a goal, there are other goals just as worthy. He learned the value of finishing what he started and the joy of personal accomplishment. These attributes carried him through a season that was full of hard work and fun, discouragement and resolves, defeat, and victory.

And at the very end, at the championship meet when he brought home his first-place medal, you were among those who were so very proud of how far he had come. It is a victory for all of us. What amazes me is you’ve taught them skills that will last a lifetime. You’ve kindled in them a desire to excel. The medals, trophies, and ribbons are all symbols of real gifts. These most certainly have had to come straight from your heart.
With appreciation,
A parent.

P. Answer the following questions:

Question 1.
What did the coach teach the child?
The coach taught him the basics of the sport as well as special ways to improve and excel.

Question 2.
What values did the child learn?
The child least the value of finishing what he started and joy of personal accomplishment.

Question 3.
The parents noticed some changes in the child. What were they?
The parents noticed the timid and doubting child getting transformed into a strong and happy player willing to give all for the team.

Question 4.
Read the letter again and write a few lines on each of the following:
(a) things that the coach taught.
The basics of the sport as well as special ways to improve and excel

(b) transformation in the child
The child has transformed from timid to a strong person and doubting to a happy player.

(c) things that amazed the writer
Skill learn’t by the child for a lifetime.

5. Find sentences /words from the text which express the following:
(a) The parent’s earlier view of the child-
The child was timid and doubting.

(b) One of the qualities of the teacher-
individualized teaching was given by the coach.

(c) Words related to the prize-
championship, trophies, ribbons, medal



Q. Prepare notice for the following:

(i) You are the school monitor, of Modern Matriculation School, Villupuram. Your school Principal has requested you to inform the students about a trip to Yercaud for 3 days. Prepare a notice giving the details such as date of journey, mode of transportation, amount, dress code etc.
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 12

(ii) You are the Secretary of Park Circus Residents Welfare Association. Write a notice to inform the residents of your colony of a Meditation program under the guidance of Dr. P. Ranjit with a view to understanding the self better. The program is exclusively for the residents It will be conducted on the second Saturday of the following month from 7.00 a.m. to 9.00 a.m. at the children’s park nearby.
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 13

(iii) You are Ganesh/Gayathri Head boy/Head girl, of your school. Write a notice for your school notice board informing the students about the ‘Fancy Fete’ that is going to be organised in your school campus on the 10th of next month.
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 14

R. Write an article for the following:

(i) You are Jansi/Avinash of Class X studying in GHSS, Chengalpet. You believe that physical activities improve our health and reduce the risk of sickness. It has got immediate and long term benefits. Write an article in not more than 150 – 200 words for your school magazine stressing the importance of physical activities in a student day to day life.
Importance of Physical Activities in a Students’ day to day Life
Children need to be active every day to promote their healthy growth and development. Kids who establish healthy lifestyle patterns at a young age will never fall sick. They will experience good health and enjoy a good lifestyle. It is essential for students to lead a life indoors and outdoors. Bodily activity will surely help children cope with pressure. It also promotes better self-esteem. Physical fitness helps to build stronger bones, muscles and joints.

A stronger heart is surely a strong personality. Parents and teachers should provide care and direction for a child to start and how much activity a child should do each day. They need to feel encouraged and enjoy their activities. It is important to drink sufficient water before and after activities – and have water breaks during their activities.

Physical activities help in the long run and will surely enable one to enjoy a long life span. Even aerobic activities that involve the continuous movement of large muscle groups – increase heart rate, cause breathing to accelerate, and make you toil up a sweat. Such activities are important for the development of a healthy heart and lungs.

These endurance activities can be lots of fun for they are not competitive. They help one to relax and feel calm. Thereby, regular physical activity in childhood and youth is important for stimulating lifelong health and well-being and averting various health situations.

Children who are inactive and who spend too much time in, front of a screen watching television, playing computer video games or talking or typing on their phones have a greater risk of heart disease, high cholesterol, blood pressure, obesity and diabetes. Too much screen time may also adversely affect your child’s muscle and bone development, posture, neck alignment, eye function and overall self-esteem and confidence. Thereby play in such a way that you are accountable to your own life.
Jansi/Avinash – Std X
GHSS, Chengalpet

(ii) The service provided by the conservancy workers in your city is very poor. You find all the street corners dumped with garbage thrown by the residents of the locality. It causes a menace for the public at large. You are Ramya/Rajan of Class X, studying in TM Model School, Dharmapuri. Write an article in about 150-200 words to the editor of The Indian Express, about this and suggest ways by which the situation could be improved.
For the attention of the Editor of The Indian Express
Drinking Dirty Water
In Melrosapuram at Polur, Thiruvanamalai district, garbage falls from the heavens! In this ward of the local municipality, tons of garbage is being dumped by residents residing in the flats promoted by the Tamil Nadu Slum Clearance Board directly on to the roads. Without a door to door collection and lack of adequate dumper bins, much of Rosapuram continues to tramp on rejects. Permanent residents trust authorities from the Slum Clearance Board to take steps towards sanitation and hygiene.

Senior authorities from the Central and State governments do visit this area. About a month ago, the CEO of a Foreign Funding agency visited the area along with a political leader. Hence, two days prior to his arrival, local bodies brought bulldozers and conservancy workers to clean the massive piles of rubbish piled up all over the area. They looked into the faults present in the water supply pipeline and even checked our drainage. Most of the residents felt this was the first inspection since its inception.

Local residents tried in vain to complain to the political leader and the foreigner about their grievances. Rosapuram continues to deal with the same problems it faced about 20 years ago – open sewage, drinking water supply mixed with dirt, bad roads and brimming garbage. A Slum Clearance Board official said that road works worth 20 lakh have been sanctioned – and tender estimates worth 5 lakh have been received to restore the broken water supply lines. If money is used properly to repair the pipelines and if Conservancy workers clear the garbage piles every day we can surely lead a healthy life. We request you to keep big Garbage bins at every road and also clear the garbage collected on a daily basis. Can we students breathe a pollution-free environment to stay healthy?
Ramya/Rajan Std X
TM Model School, Dharmapuri.

(iii) Recently while returning home from school you were knocked down by a speeding motorcycle. You escaped with minor injuries. You are Kishore/ Kavitha of class XI, studying in GHSS, Coimbatore. Write an article to The Hindu, in about 150-200 words expressing your concern about the increasing number of road accidents due to reckless driving. Also, stress the importance of following traffic rules.

Road traffic accidents (RTAs) have appeared as a significant public health issue which needs to be tackled by a multi-disciplinary approach. The trend in RTA injuries fatal and non-fatal is indeed creating shock waves in countries like India. The tactics to implement the rules and regulations available to prevent road accidents is often unsuccessful. Awareness creation, strict execution of traffic rules, and technical industrial procedures are the need of the hour to prevent this public health catastrophe.

This article is intended to create awareness among the Police officers about the various modalities available to prevent road accidents and also to inculcate a sense of responsibility toward spreading the message of road safety as a good citizen of our country. I have also chosen to write this article only because I was personally a victim of a minor road accident where I escaped with minor injuries.
Kishore/Kavitha of class XI,
GHSS, Coimbatore.

The Attic by Satyajit Ray About the Author:

Satyajit Ray was an Indian filmmaker, a master storyteller, screenwriter, music composer, graphic artist, lyricist and author, widely regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th century has left a cinematic heritage that belongs as much to India as to the world. His films demonstrate a remarkable humanism, elaborate observation and subtle handling of characters and situations. Ray was born in Calcutta on 2 May 1921, into a Bengali Kayastha family that was prominent in the field of arts and literature. He died on 23 April 1992,
Kolkata having received many rewards viz. Padma Shri, Dadasaheb Phalke Award, and more

The Attic Summary:

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 15

In the story, ‘The Attic’, the rich man Aditya expresses regret for some fault he committed 29 years ago during his childhood. So he asks sincere apology from to the person concerned for his mistake.
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 16

Aditya and his memories During the return journey from the new factory at Deodarganj, the narrator Satyajit Ray and his friend cum business partner Aditya were driving through National Highway 40. Reaching a point of bifurcation, the narrator asked Aditya about his wish to take the road towards right that leads to his ancestral home at Bramhapur. His father was a landlord and his ancestors were Zamindars. After Aditya’s schooling at Bramhaplir, they moved to Kolkata for his higher studies where his dad too started a new business.
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 17

Aditya’s home town
Aditya agreed to go to his birthplace. He tried to recall memories of his 200-year-old ancestral house, his school, and the tea shop. It was 3.30 p.m. in the month of Maha which could be January or February. The sun was soothing. On either side of the road were large stretches of paddy fields. In about ten minutes, they reached the local school. The iron gates, the playing field, and the two-storeyed school building made Aditya go into deep thoughts. They next went to the tea shop of Nagen’s uncle who was now a little over sixty. He was wearing a dhoti and a blue striped shirt that could be seen from under a green shawl. His shop stood next to a grocery shop and opposite a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. They had nankhatatai sitting on two tin chairs.
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 18

Sanyal’s Anger
There was only one other customer sitting at a comer table, with his head bent, as though he were sleeping. Nagen’s uncle reminded Mr. Sanyal to go home, as it was already 4 p.m and other customers would soon becoming. The narrator observed Sanyal’s facial expression and noted the change in Aditya’s too. Mr. Sanyal reacted sharply, stood up, stretched himself, and, raised his lean right arm. With eyes dilated, he began to recite a poem by Tagore – Panraksha. Soon, he left the place, making the gesture of Namaste with his hands in general.
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 19

Aditya came to know from Nagen uncle more details about Sanyal. He now went straight to his house which he had no intention of seeing. He went up the attic, a favorite place for the children. He climbed over a wooden packing case and took something from the ventilator with a deep sigh of relief. He now rushed to the jeweler’s to ascertain the current market price for the article he had found. The climax was his next visit to see Sanyal who stayed with his father’s friend, Jogesh Kabiraj.
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 20

Aditya seeks forgiveness from Sanyal Aditya saw Sanyal, requested his entry into his room, and gave him a cover with fifteen ten-rupee notes. In Sasanka Sanyal’s room, there was absolutely nothing but just a charpoy to sit on. Sasanka was busy reciting verses from Tagore. Sanyal was questioned about Aditya Narayan Chowdury. Sanyal remembered him very well and told them that he was a liar and was also envious of him. He said that he had usurped his medal for Poetry Recitation. Aditya told him that he was Aditya himself and was changed. Sanyal admitted that he recognized him at the tea shop and ventured out his anger on him. Sanyal also refused to accept the money and preferred the medal. Aditya who is now a changed man restored the medal to its owner and sought forgiveness.
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 21

We are all human beings and to err is human. The author reinstates that a person must rectify his mistake when given a chance for it.
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 22

The Attic Glossary:

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 23

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 24Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic 25


Choose the most appropriate synonym of the underlined word.

1. When we realise our mistakes, we should try to rectify them.
(a) read
(b) recover
(c) recognize
(d) correct
(d) correct

2. We had reached a point where the road bifurcated.
(a) separated
(b) converged
(c) joined
(d) ended
(a) separated

3. ‘We left our ancestral house, twenty- nine years ago.
(a) anterior
(b) inherited
(c) interior
(d) palatial
(b) inherited

4. Trying to revive old childhood memories may prove disappointing!
(a) reveal
(b) cancel
(c) resuscitate
(d) cover
(c) resuscitate

5. Aditya’s ancestors were once the zamindars.
(a) aunties
(b) elders
(c) lineages
(d) destroyers
(c) lineages

6. The sun was soothing.
(b) boisterous
(c) dexterous
(d) comforting
(d) comforting

7. Harvest was over.
(a) crop
(b) crab
(c) craze
(d) pests
(a) crop

8. Nagen uncle’s tea shop stood next to a grocery shop.
(a) erased
(b) expunged
(c) erected
(d) severed
(c) erected

9. Nagen had a rustic look.
(a) urban
(b) rural
(c) modem
(d) antic
(b) rural

10. There was only one other customer sitting at a comer table.
(a) caretaker
(b) creator
(c) purchaser
(d) chauffeur
(c) purchaser


Choose the most appropriate antonym of the underlined word.

1. It is natural for human beings to make mistakes.
(a) artificial
(b) neutral
(c) inevitable
(d) compulsory
(a) artificial

2. If you get a chance to rectify your mistake or pay back for it.
(a) regionalize
(b) rearrange
(c) worsen
(d) bridge
(c) worsen

3. Aditya and I decided to return.
(a) revive
(b) depart
(c) arrive
(d) prepare
(b) depart

4. We reached a point where the road bifurcated.
(a) split
(b) converged
(c) emerged
(d) deviated
(b) converged

5. He was interested in revisiting the place of his birth.
(a) disinterested
(b) misinterested
(c) profited
(d) misappropriated
(a) disinterested

6. He passed the matriculation examination from the local school.
(a) nearby
(b) native
(c) indigenous
(d) foreign
(d) foreign

7. He went to Calcutta to continue his studies.
(a) pursue
(b) end
(c) endure
(d) enroll
(b) end

8. I doubt if even the school building may have undergone many changes.
(a) fickle
(b) certain
(c) qualm
(d) hesitation
(b) certain

9. Trying to revive old childhood memories may prove disappointing!
(a) childish
(b) mature
(c) adult
(d) feudal
(c) adult

10. The sun was soothing.
(a) comforting
(b) pacifying
(c) irritating
(d) smoothening
(c) irritating

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