Samacheer Kalvi 6th Social Science Economics Solutions Term 2 Chapter 1 Economics An Introduction

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Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 6th Social Science Economics Solutions Term 2 Chapter 1 Economics An Introduction

Samacheer Kalvi 6th Social Science Economics An Introduction Textual Evaluation


I. Fill in the blanks:

  1. The producers of food grains are ______
  2. Collection of honey is a ______ occupation.
  3. The conversion of raw materials into finished goods is called ______
  4. According to Gandhiji the villages are ______ of the nation.
  5. The percentage of population in the cities of Tamil Nadu is ______


  1. farmers
  2. Primary
  3. manufacturing
  4. backbone
  5. 47 Percent

II. Match the following:

  1. Cattle rearing – Secondary occupation
  2. Food processing – Services
  3. Iron & Steel Industry – Primary occupation
  4. Telephone – Agro based industry
  5. Cotton Industry – Tertiary occupation


  1. Cattle rearing – Primary occupation
  2. Food processing – Agro based industry
  3. Iron & Steel Industry – Secondary occupation
  4. Telephone – Services (or) Tertiary occupation
  5. Cotton Industry – Agro based industry (or) Secondary occupation

III. Match and find the odd pair:

  1. Small scale Industry – Transaction of Money
  2. Forest based Industries – Information Technology
  3. Services – Paper Industries
  4. Banking – Cattle rearing


  1. Small scale Industry – Cattle rearing
  2. Forest based Industries – Paper Industries
  3. Services – Information Technology
  4. Banking – Transaction of Money

IV. Choose the correct answer:

  1. Agriculture is a (Primary / Secondary) occupation
  2. Economic activities are divided on the basis of (ownership / use)
  3. Sugar Industries are (Primary / Secondary) activity
  4. Agro based industry (Cotton / Furniture)
  5. Dairy farming is a (Public sector / Co-operative sector)


  1. Primary
  2. use
  3. Secondary
  4. Cotton
  5. Co-operative sector

V. Answer the following questions:

Question 1.
Sandhai – Define
In villages, once in a week or month, things are sold in a particular place at a specific time to meet the needs of the people. That is called Sandhai.

What is called the barter system?

  1. The system of exchanging goods for other goods is called the barter system.
  2. This was followed in the olden days.
  3. For example, exchange a bag of rice for enough clothes.


Question 2.
What is trade?
The action of buying and selling goods and services is called trade.

Question 3.
What is Savings?
The amount from the income which is left for future needs after consumption is called savings.

Question 4.
What was the necessity for the invention of money?

  1. When people exchanged commodities, they might have faced, certain problems when comparing the differences in the value of the commodity.
  2. To solve this problem, people invented a tool called money.

Question 5.
What was the reason for the development of settlements near water bodies?

  1. The early man hunted and gathered food.
  2. Later he learned to cultivate crops.
  3. When they found rivers, which provided the water they settled down permanently near the rivers.


Question 7.
What are called secondary occupation?

  1. The raw materials obtained from the primary activities are converted into finished products through machinery on a large scale.
  2. These activities involve a secondary occupation.

Question 8.
Name the city centered industries.
Electronics, Shipbuilding, Aluminium, Chemical, Autoparts, Railways, Leathers, Fertilizers, etc.

VI. Answer the following in detail:

Question 1.
List out the important primary occupations of your district.
Some of the primary occupations are agriculture, crop production, animal husbandry, fisheries, foresting, and mining. It also includes gazing, hunting, gathering.

Question 2.
Mention the manufacturing industries found in your district.
Some of the manufacturing industries are Food manufacturing, Textile manufacturing, Leather and allied product manufacturing, Wood product manufacturing, Paper manufacturing, Metal manufacturing, Machinery manufacturing, etc.


Question 3.
How are the industries classified on the basis of raw materials?
On the basis of raw materials industries are classified as

  1. Agro-based industries – Cotton textiles, Sugarmills, and food processing
  2. Forest-based industries – Paper mills, Furniture making, Building materials
  3. Mineral-based industries – Cement, iron, Aluminium industries
  4. Marine based industries – Seafood processing

Question 4.
Write down the occupations in the service sector.

  1. Transport – Roadways, railways waterways, airways
  2. Communication – Post, Telephone, Information Technology, etc.
  3. Trade – Procurement of goods, selling
  4. Banking – Money transactions, banking services


Question 5.
What do you know about the features of cities?

  1. Employment opportunities are more in cities than villages.
  2. In cities, the number of small scales workers are more
  3. Well, paved roads, ports, airports, and railway stations support trade.
  4. Many branches of banks help in the circulation of money and boost the country’s economy.
  5. Advanced medical services are easily available.

VII. Fill in the tabular column given below:

S.No. Occupations in Villages Occupations in cities Occupations in Villages and cities
1. Farming Engineer Carpenter
2. Grazing of Herding Scientists Teacher
3. Blacksmith Musicians Weaver
4. Pottery Journalists Self-employed
5. Water Bearers Doctors Marketing

Samacheer Kalvi 6th Social Science Economics An Introduction Intext Questions


Question 1.
Imagine if money disappears one day?

  1. In our daily life, we utilize many things. These things are sold in shops. To buy and sell commodities we use money. If we save money it is good for us and the country.
  2. Money is the lubrication for the movement of goods. If these contracts symbolized by money disappeared, there would be instant chaos. All activity would grind to a halt.

Samacheer Kalvi 6th Social Science Economics An Introduction Intext Activities

Activity – 3

Fill up the given table.

S.No. Countries Currency Symbol
1. Germany Eurb
2. Brazil Brazilian real R$
3. India Rupee
4. Argentina Peso $
5. China Renminbi ¥

Activity – 4
Put ✓ a mark in the appropriate box

S.No. Occupation Primary




Tertiary activity
1. Farmer
2. Teacher
3. Tailor
4. Engineer
5. Bank Manager

Samacheer Kalvi 6th Social Science Economics An Introduction Additional Questions

I. Fill In the blanks:

  1. Things which are produced in villages are brought to
  2. The permanent settlements of early man were called
  3. The root of our economy is
  4. The raw material for sugar is
  5. Banks help in of money.


  1. Sandhai
  2. Villages
  3. Agriculture
  4. Sugare cane
  5. Circulation


II. Match the following:

1. Exchange of goods a. Primary Activity
2. Lumbering b. Trade
3. Cement c. Post
4. Buying and selling d. Barter
5. Communication e. Mineral-based


  1. d
  2. a
  3. e
  4. b
  5. c

III. Find the odd pair:


Harvesting products             ‘ a.



Goods and services b.



Manufacturing c.



Teaching d.


IV. Choose the correct answer and fill in the appropriate column:

  1. Coal miner
  2. Automobile assembling plant
  3. Grocery store
  4. Helicopter pilot
  5. Fisherman
  6. Firefighters
  7. Cashier
  8. Delivery man
  9. Oil well
  10. Furniture maker
  11. Timber cutters
  12. Cotton farmer
  13. Oil refinery.


S.No. Primary Secondary Tertiary
1. Coal miner Automobile assembling plant Grocery store
2. Fisherman Furniture maker Helicopter pilot
3. Oil well Oil refinery Firefighters
4. Timber cutters Cashier
5. Cotton farmer Delivery man

V. Answer the following questions :

Question 1.
What art consumer goods?

  1. The finished goods which are bought from the market to fulfill the daily needs of the consumers are called consumer goods.
  2. Example: Rice, Cloth, Bicycle, etc.


Question 2.
Mention a few primary activities.
Agriculture, Cattle rearing, fishing, mining, collection of fruits, nuts, honey, rubber, resin and medicinal herbs, lumbering, etc are primary activities.

VI. Give a detailed answer :
Question 1.
What is economics? Why is it so important?

  1. Economics is the study of how societies, governments, business establishments, households, and individuals allocate their scarce resources.
  2. The study of economics can also provide valuable knowledge for making decisions in everyday life.
  3. Economics is about the study of scarcity and choice.
  4. By studying how markets work, our young people also learn how to make efficient choices in managing their own scarce resources, such as time and money.

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