Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Grammar Conditional Clause

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Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Grammar Conditional Clause

Definition of a conditional clause
A conditional clause is a type of subordinate clause, most commonly introduced by the conjunction ‘if’ or ‘unless’. Like most subordinate clauses introduced by a conjunction, the conditional clause can either go before the main clause, or after it.

Example:
If I have enough money (conditional clause), I will go to Japan (main clause).

First, Second, and Third Conditional

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Grammar Conditional Clause

  1. First conditional: If I have enough money, I will go to Japan.
  2. Second conditional: If I had enough money, I would go to Japan.
  3. Third conditional: If I had, had enough money, I would have gone to Japan.

Learn the following structures and learn the verbs:

1. If you study well,
(simple present)
you will get centum
(simple future)

2. If you studied well,
(simple past)
you would get centum
(future past form)

3. If you had studied well,
(past perfect)
you would have got centum
(future perfect – past form)

As per the aforesaid structures do the following exercises:

1. He wants to pass the test. He has to work harder.
If he wants to pass the test, he has to work harder.

2. You may meet her. Then please ask her to come over here.
If you will meet him, ask her to come over here.

3. We should work hard. Then we will get good marks.
If we work hard, we will get good marks.

4. Obey the rules. Otherwise, you will be punished.
If you do not obey the rules, you will be punished.

5. You have to invite him. He will come.
If you invite him, he will come.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Grammar Conditional Clause

6. I don’t know her email so I can’t send her an invitation
If I knew her email, I could send her an invitation.

7. You waste drinking water now. There will be scarcity of potable water in future.
If you waste drinking water now, there will be scarcity of potable water in future.

8. I was busy so I didn’t have enough time to go to the departmental store.
If I hadn’t been so busy, I would have had enough time to go to the departmental store.

9. Shalini didn’t play tennis because she had broken her leg.
If Shalini hadn’t broken her leg she would have played tennis.

10. I’d like to buy a new bike but I haven’t got enough money.
If I had enough money I would buy a new bike.

Fill in the conditional clause appropriately

1. If you run fast, you ……………………… (catch) the train.
2. If I won a lottery, I ……………………… (buy) a house.
3. I ……………………… (tell) you if I knew the answer.
4. If I were rich, I ……………………… (open) a school for the poor.
5. If he ……………………… (left) early, he might have caught the train.
6. If he ……………………… (inform) me, I would have received him at the railway station.
9. If you ……………………… (meet) him, tell him to come here.
10. If only he ……………………… (remember) to post that letter, I would have received it on time.
Answer:
1. might catch
2. would buy
3. would tell
4. would open
5. had left
6. had informed
7. can take
8. must work
9. should meet
10. had remembered

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Grammar Conditional Clause

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