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Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 12th English Grammar Biographical Sketch
The biographical sketch is an account of the life and activities of an individual. It should include information about the person’s name, place and date of birth, native place, parents and grandparents details, school and university education, occupation, life, and activities and accomplishments and date of demise if in case the person is no longer alive. A biographical sketch is always written by a third person (if written by the same person, it is called an autobiography). A biographical sketch presents the facts about the person’s life including what the person did and how he/she influenced the world. It should describe a person’s personality and provide an explanation for all his/her endeavors.
- Should be written in passive voice ie. third person.
- Significant and impressive points should be presented.
- Special awards or recognitions need to be mentioned.
- Let it be descriptive.
- Name, age, personality traits, hobbies to be included.
- Education and training, anycontributory research work should be detailed.
- Such sketches feature the biographical details besides the achievements and honours conferred on.
1. With the help of the given clues, write a biographical-sketch of Medha Patkar.
Name: Medha Patkar
Achievements: National Alliance of People’s movement, Established schools of life, since 1992
Awards: 1991: Right Livelihood Award, 1992: Goldman Environment Award, Green Ribbon Award for Best International Political Campaigner by BBC, England, Human Rights Defender’s Award from Amnesty International, Germany.
Medha Patkar was bom on 1st Dec 1954 in Mumbai, Maharashtra. She did her MA in Social work in Tata Institute of Social Sciences. She married Khanolkar but they separated because of Medha’s interest in fighting for poor people. She retained her husband’s family name, She sympathized with the condition of tribal villages which got submerged in the Sardar Sarovar dam. The tribals’ livelihood of fishing was lost. Medha Patkar led the Narmada Bachao Andolan through her National Alliance of People’s movement organization with the support of social activists and tribal people themselves. She wanted the tribal youth to find alternative ways of earning a living.
So, She started Jeevansaalas (i.e.) Life Schools through which 5000 tribal youths have studied, graduated and become athletes and workers in various fields. Her schools continue to serve the tribal children for more than 30 years. Appreciating her concern for the wellbeing of all suppressed and disadvantaged people she was given many national and international awards. Some of the important awards are viz Right Livelihood Award, Mahatma Phule Award, Human Rights Defender’s Award from Amnesty International, Germany and Person of The Year BBC (1999). Like Medha, we should also raise our voices against social injustices in the country.
2. Use the information given below and complete the biography in about 80 to 100 words.
1964: Bom on May 20th at Payolli in Kerala
1973: Discovered by a dedicated physical education teacher
1975: Badly injured while practising for sub-junior district level athletics. Participated in 100 meters, 200 meters, long jump, high jump-first in all four events
1982: Two silver medals in New Delhi Asian Games
1984: Fourth place in 400 in at Los Angeles Olympics
1985: Best female Athlete in Jakarta Asian Meet
1986: Four gold and one silver medal at Seoul Asian games
P. T. Usha was bom at Payolli, Kerala on 20th May, 1964. In 1973 she was discovered by a dedicated physical education teacher who paved the right path for her career. In 1975, she was badly injured while practising for Sub-junior district level athletics. She participated in 100 m, 200 m, long jump and high jump. She bagged the first position in all the four events in spite of her injury. In 1982, she received two silver medals in the Asian Games held at the capital city of India. In 1984, she was placed fourth in 400 m at the Los Angeles Olympics. In 1985, P.T. Usha won the award for the best female athlete in Jakarta Asian Meet. In 1986, she also won four gold and one silver medal at the Seoul Asian Games.
3. Given below is a profile of Amartya Kumar Sen. Write a short biographical sketch of Amartya Kumar Sen using the clues given below.
Date of Birth: 3 November 1933
Field: Welfare economics, development economics, ethics
Alma mater: University of Calcutta (BA), University of Cambridge (BA, MA, PhD) Profession: An Indian economist and philosopher
Notable Rewards : Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Bharat Ratna 1999 Amartya Kumar Sen is an economist and a philosopher. He studied in University of Calcutta and Cambridge. While in Cambridge, he studied Philosophy and enriched his knowledge . He wanted the national economy to protect people from hunger and starvation. His thoughts took shape when he witnessed the Bengal famine in which 3 million people perished. In Bengal, for example, food production, while down on the previous year, was higher than in previous non-famine years. Sen points to a number of social and economic factors, such as declining wages, unemployment, rising food prices, and poor food-distribution, which led to starvation.
His welfare economics seeks to evaluate economic policies in terms of their effects on the well-being of the community. Sen, who devoted his career to such issues, was called the “conscience of his profession”. Governments and international organizations . handling food crises were influenced by Sen’s work. His views encouraged policy makers to pay attention not only to alleviating immediate suffering but also to finding ways to replace the lost income of the poor—for example through public works—and to maintain stable prices for food. A vigorous defender of political freedom, Sen believed that famines do not occur in functioning democracies because their leaders must be more responsive to the demands of the citizens.
In order for economic growth to be achieved, he argued, social reforms—such as improvements in education and public health—must precede economic reform. He was conferred Nobel Price for his outstanding contribution in Economic Sciences. He was also given India’s most prestigious awards “ Bharat Ratna “ in 1999. He married thrice in his life. He has houses in both UK and the USA.
4. On the basis of the hints given below, write down a short biographical sketch of Mahendra Singh Dhoni.
Birth: 7 July 1981
ODI debut: 23 December 2004 v Bangladesh
Achievements: In 2011, Time magazine included Dhoni in its annual Time 100 list as one of the “Most Influential People in the World.”
In 2012, Sports Pro rated Dhoni as the sixteenth most marketable athlete in the world.
4 times helped India win international Test Matches.
Awards: Padmashree (2009) and Padhma Bhusan (2018)
M.S. Dhoni is a 37 year old famous cricketer. He was bom in Ranchi on 7th July 1981. He is called fondly as Mahi by fans and friends. He is a great finisher of matches. He captained Indian Test cricket team from 2008 to 2014. As there were some dissatisfaction about his form, he resigned and dignifiedly wrote to the Cricket Board to reduce his salary. He is also called Mr. Cool. He very rarely loses his temper. He gives tips to team members and even opponents when they seek his advice. He has captained One Day International matches.
He has helped India World cup title thrice i.e. in 2007, 2011 and 2013. He has helped Indian Team to win 4 times in International test Matches and 7 times One day International matches. He is known for his reputed helicopter shots which take his team to the edge of success even under very adverse circumstances. He has been identified as the 23rd richest athlete in the world by Forbes magazine in 2015. In 2016, his bio-pic was released in the name “M.S. Dhoni. the untold story’. He married Shakshi and has a daughter called Ziva. He is the most successful captain in cricket India has ever had. His batting and wicket keeping are world class.
5. Use the following information and write a short biographical sketch of Mother Teresa.
Birth: 27 August 1910 of Albanian parents in Skopje
Real Name: Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu
1928: the Joined convent in Ireland; 18 years old
1929: Sent to Darjeeling, India
1931: Began teaching at Kolkata Girls’ School
1948: Left teaching to work among the poor in slums of Kolkata
1950-1996: Worked for the downtrodden and sick destitute
1979: Awarded Nobel Peace Prize Death: 5 September 1997
Mother Teresa was bom on 27 August 1910 to Albanian parents in Skopje. Her real name was Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. She joined a convent in Ireland in 1928 when she was just a teenager. At 18 years, she was sent to Darjeeling, India. Here, she began teaching in Kolkata Girls’ School in two years time. Later she left teaching to work among the poor in the slums of Kolkatta. She had a “call within the call” to help the poorest of the poor in Kolkata. From 1948, she started working for the downtrodden and sick destitute people. She started an orphanage and schools for poor children.
Her prayers for doing charitable work not only in India but also across the world got answered mysteriously. She begged food for children. She slowly got the support of the surrounding people. She started the missionaries of charity. Hundreds of people were rescued from the jaws of death. For her sincere, dedicated and selfless work, she was awarded the Nobel Prize for peace in 1979. She was a living legend of mercy. She left for her heavenly abode on 5th September 1997 and was beautified the same year by Pope John Paul II. Her funeral was attended by many world leaders.